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Lightfoot's Apostolic Fathers In English - J. B. Lightfoot, D. D., D.C. L., LL. D.

The authorities for the text are threefold.

1. The GREEK MANUSCRIPTS [G], five in number, viz. (1) Mosquensis 160 (now 159) [m] which omits the first paragraph § 22 and amplifies the remaining part of this same chapter. This, though of the thirteenth century, is the most important of the Greek manuscripts. (2) Barroccianus 238 [b] in the Bodleian Library, an eleventh century MS from which Ussher derived his text. (3) Paris. Bibl. Nat. Graec. 1452 [p] of the tenth century, called by Halloix Mediceus. (4) Vindob. Hist. Graec. Ecd. iii. [v] an eleventh or early twelfth century MS betraying marks of an arbitrary literary revision; and (5) S. Sep. Hierosol. 1 fol. 136 [s] a tenth century MS of the same group as bpv, discovered quite recently in the Library of the Holy Sepulchre at

Jerusalem by Professor Rendel Harris.

2. EUSEBIUS [E]. The extracts found in Hist. Eccl. iv. 15; not only the earliest, but also the most valuable authority.

3. The LATIN VERSION [L] in three forms; (a) as given in Rufinus’ translation of Eusebius, which is probably the version of the martyrdom read, as we learn from Gregory of Tours that it was read, in the Churches of Gaul; (b) an independent Latin Version very loose and paraphrastic; (c) a combination of the two preceding forms. The MSS of the Latin Version are numerous.

There are also a Syriac Version and a Coptic Version in the Memphitic dialect; but both of these, like the Rufinian form, are made not from the document itself, but from the account in Eusebius. They do not therefore constitute fresh authorities.








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