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A Commentary On The Psalms From Primitive and Mediæval Writers Volumes 1 To 4 by Rev. J.M. Neale D.D.

Psalms are introduced in the course of the Mass in the following places:

1. At the outset of the Office, like the Western Introit, but styled Antiphons, three in number, and varying according to the season or festival.

2. The Eisodicon (εἰσοδικόν), an Anthem at the Little Entrance.

3. During the Trisagion the Priest, as he goes towards the altar, recites, “Blessed is He that cometh in the Name of the LORD.” Ps. 118:26.

4. Before the Epistle, a short Anthem, consisting of a verse and response, usually, but not always, taken from the Psalms, and varying for every festival.

5. After the censing which follows the Cherubic Hymn, Ps. 51 is recited by the Deacon and Priest together.

6. When the Priest lays the chalice and veil on the Deacon’s shoulder, he repeats Ps. 134:2, “Lift up your hands in the sanctuary, and praise the LORD.”

7. At the veiling of the elements, the Priest, as he censes them, repeats, “Then shall they offer young bullocks upon Thine Altar.” Ps. 51:19.

8. Just before the Nicene Creed, the Priest says secretly Ps. 18:1–2, “I will love Thee, O LORD, my strength, the LORD is my stony rock and my defence.”

9. In the course of the Prayer of Consecration, Ps. 51:10, 11 is recited by the Priests and Deacons.

10. After the “Holy things for holy persons,” the Koinonikon or Communio, usually from the Psalms, and variable, is sung.

11. After the people have received, the Priest blesses them, repeating Ps. 28:8, “O GOD, save Thy people, and bless Thine heritage;” and immediately afterwards, returning to the Altar, says secretly Ps. 57:5, “Set up Thyself, O GOD, above the heavens, and Thy glory above all the earth.”








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