A Practical Commentary On Holy Scripture by Frederick Justus Knecht D.D.
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A PRACTICAL COMMENTARY
ON HOLY SCRIPTURE

FREDERICK JUSTUS KNECHT, D. D.

A PRACTICAL COMMENTARY ON HOLY SCRIPTURE FOR THE USE OF THOSE WHO TEACH BIBLE HISTORY BY FREDERICK JUSTUS KNECHT, D. D. AUXILIARY BISHOP
OF THE ARCHDIOCESE OF FREIBURG. TRANSLATED AND ADAPTED FROM THE SIXTEENTH GERMAN EDITION PREFACE BY VERY REV. CANON M. F. GLANCEY, CHANCELLOR
OF THE DIOCESE OF BIRMINGHAM THIRD ENGLISH EDITION REVISED CONTAINING 100 ILLUSTRATIONS AND FOUR COLOURED MAPS

B. HERDER PUBLISHER TO THE HOLY APOSTOLIC SEE LONDON, W. C. 1910 ST. LOUIS, MO. FREIBURG IM BREISGAU.

Imprimatur.

Friburgi Brisgoviae, die 13 Aprilis 1910.

‡ Thomas, Archiepps.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

CONTENTS

Title Page: A PRACTICAL COMMENTARY ON HOLY SCRIPTURE

A PRACTICAL COMMENTARY ON HOLY SCRIPTURE

SOME APPROBATIONS

PREFACE TO THE FIRST ENGLISH EDITION

PREFACE TO THE SECOND ENGLISH EDITION

PREFACE TO THE THIRD ENGLISH EDITION

FIRST PART THE OLD TESTAMENT

HISTORY OF THE PRIMITIVE AGES OF MAN

THE TIME FROM ADAM TO ABRAHAM

CHAPTER I
THE CREATION OF THE WORLD

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER II
CREATION AND FALL OF THE ANGELS

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER III
CREATION OF THE FIRST MAN.—PARADISE.—THE FIRST COMMANDMENT.—CREATION OF EVE

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER IV
PART I

COMMENTARY

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER V
CAIN AND ABEL

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER VI
THE DELUGE

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER VII
NOE’S OFFERING.—HIS CHILDREN

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER VIII
THE TOWER OF BABEL

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER IX
THE CALL OF ABRAM

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER X
ABRAM’S LOVE OF PEACE.—HIS VICTORY OVER THE FOUR KINGS.—THE BLESSING OF MELCHISEDECH

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XI
ABRAM’S FAITH AND ELECTION.—COVENANT OF CIRCUMCISION.—VISIT OF THREE ANGELS

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XII
DESTRUCTION OF SODOM AND GOMORRHA

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XIII
BIRTH OF ISAAC AND ABRAHAM’S SACRIFICE

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XIV
ISAAC MARRIES REBECCA

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XV
ESAU AND JACOB

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XVI
JACOB’S FLIGHT.—HIS VISION OF THE LADDER AND SOJOURN WITH LABAN

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XVII
JACOB RETURNS HOME, AND IS RECONCILED WITH HIS BROTHER

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XVIII
JOSEPH SOLD BY HIS BRETHREN

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XIX
JOSEPH IN THE HOUSE OF PUTIPHAR

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XX
JOSEPH IN PRISON

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXI
JOSEPH’S EXALTATION

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXII
THE SONS OF JACOB GO INTO EGYPT

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXIII
BENJAMIN’S JOURNEY TO EGYPT

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXIV
JOSEPH’S SILVER CUP

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXV
JOSEPH MAKES HIMSELF KNOWN TO HIS BRETHREN

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXVI
JACOB GOES INTO EGYPT

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXVII
THE PROPHECY AND DEATH OF JACOB AND JOSEPH

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXVIII
JOB’S PATIENCE

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXIX
THE BIRTH OF MOSES

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXX
THE FLIGHT OF MOSES

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXXI
THE BURNING BUSH AND CALL OF MOSES

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXXII
THE TEN PLAGUES OF EGYPT

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXXIII
THE PASCHAL LAMB.—DEPARTURE FROM EGYPT

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXXIV
PASSAGE OF THE RED SEA

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXXV
THE MIRACLES WROUGHT IN THE DESERT

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXXVI
GOD GIVES THE TEN COMMANDMENTS ON MOUNT SINAI

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXXVII
THE GOLDEN CALF

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXXVIII
THE MAKING OF THE TABERNACLE

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXXIX
LAWS REGULATING DIVINE WORSHIP

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XL
THE SPIES

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XLI
THE REVOLT OF CORE AND HIS ADHERENTS

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XLII
THE DOUBT OF MOSES.—THE BRAZEN SERPENT

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XLIII
THE PROPHECY OF BALAAM

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XLIV
PARTING ADVICE OF MOSES.—HIS DEATH

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XLV
ENTRANCE OF THE ISRAELITES INTO THE PROMISED LAND

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XLVI
THE JUDGES.—GEDEON.—SAMSON

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XLVII
RUTH’S AFFECTION FOR HER MOTHER-IN-LAW

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XLVIII
SAMUEL.—IMPIETY OF THE SONS OF HELI

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XLIX
SAUL ELECTED KING

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER L
DAVID, THE YOUNG SHEPHERD

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LI
DAVID SLAYS GOLIATH

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LII
FRIENDSHIP OF JONATHAN AND DAVID

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LIII
DAVID’S NOBLE CONDUCT TOWARDS SAUL

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LIV
DAVID’S PIETY.—HIS ZEAL FOR GOD’S GLORY

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LV
THE PROPHECIES OF DAVID

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LVI
DAVID’S FALL AND PENANCE.—REVOLT AND PUNISHMENT OF ABSALOM

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LVII
DAVID’S LAST WORDS.—HIS DEATH

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LVIII
SOLOMON’S PRAYER.—HIS WISDOM

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LIX
THE BUILDING AND CONSECRATION OF THE TEMPLE

COMMENTARY. (Compare with chapter XXXVIII.)

CHAPTER LX
SOLOMON’S MAGNIFICENCE.—HIS APOSTASY AND ITS PUNISHMENT

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXI
DIVISION OF THE KINGDOM

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXII
GOD RAISES UP PROPHETS.—MISSION OF THE PROPHET ELIAS

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXIII
THE SACRIFICE OF ELIAS

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXIV
WICKEDNESS OF ACHAB AND JEZABEL. THEIR PUNISHMENT

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXV
ELIAS TAKEN UP TO HEAVEN—THE PROPHET ELISEUS CHOSEN TO SUCCEED HIM

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXVI
THE PROPHET JONAS

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXVII
FALL OF THE KINGDOM OF ISRAEL.—ASSYRIAN CAPTIVITY. TOBIAS

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXVIII
PARTING ADVICE OF TOBIAS TO HIS SON.—DEPARTURE OF YOUNG TOBIAS

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXIX
TOBIAS RETURNS HOME AND CURES HIS FATHER

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXX
DECLINE OF THE KINGDOM OF JUDA.—THE PROPHETS JOEL AND MICHEAS. (790–730 B. C.)

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXI
KING OZIAS, WISHING TO USURP THE PRIESTLY FUNCTIONS, IS STRICKEN WITH LEPROSY

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXII
THE PROPHECIES OF ISAIAS. (700 B. C.)

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXIII
THE PIOUS KING EZECHIAS. (723–694 B. C.)

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXIV
THE HEROIC JUDITH

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXV
FALL OF THE KINGDOM OF JUDA.—THE BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY (588 B. C.)

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXVI
DANIEL SAVES SUSANNA

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXVII
THE PROPHET DANIEL.—THE THREE YOUNG MEN IN THE FIERY FURNACE

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXVIII
KING BALTASSAR.—THE GOD BEL

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXIX
DANIEL IN THE LIONS’ DEN

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXX
RETURN OF THE JEWS FROM BABYLON. (536 B. C.)

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXXI
ESTHER

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXXII
TRANSLATION OF THE OLD TESTAMENT INTO GREEK. (285 B. C.)—WISE SAYINGS OF JESUS, THE SON OF SIRACH

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXXIII
THE MARTYRDOM OF ELEAZAR (168 B. C.)

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXXIV
THE MARTYRDOM OF THE SEVEN MACHABEES

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXXV
VALIANT EXPLOITS OF JUDAS MACHABEUS (160 B. C.)

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXXVI
THE FULNESS OF TIME

COMMENTARY

SECOND PART THE NEW TESTAMENT

FIRST SECTION

HISTORY OF JESUS CHRIST

CHAPTER I
ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE BIRTH OF JOHN THE BAPTIST

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER II
ANNUNCIATION OF THE BIRTH OF CHRIST

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER III
THE VISITATION

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER IV
BIRTH OF JOHN THE BAPTIST

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER V
BIRTH OF JESUS CHRIST

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER VI
THE SHEPHERDS AT THE MANGER

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER VII
THE PRESENTATION IN THE TEMPLE

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER VIII
ADORATION OF THE MAGI

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER IX
THE FLIGHT INTO EGYPT

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER X
JESUS AT THE AGE OF TWELVE YEARS GOES TO THE TEMPLE

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XI
JOHN THE BAPTIST, THE PRECURSOR OF CHRIST

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XII
JESUS IS BAPTIZED BY JOHN AND TEMPTED BY THE DEVIL

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XIII
THE FIRST DISCIPLES OF JESUS CHRIST

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XIV
FIRST MIRACLE OF JESUS—HE CHANGES WATER INTO WINE

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XV
JESUS DRIVES THE SELLERS OUT OF THE TEMPLE. HIS DISCOURSE WITH NICODEMUS

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XVI
JESUS AT THE WELL OF JACOB

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XVII
JESUS PREACHES AT NAZARETH

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XVIII
MIRACLES OF JESUS AT CAPHARNAUM

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XIX
THE MIRACULOUS DRAUGHT OF FISH

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XX
THE CURE OF THE PARALYTIC, AND FORGIVENESS OF SIN

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXI
THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT

COMMENTARY

COMMENTARY

COMMENTARY

COMMENTARY

COMMENTARY

COMMENTARY

COMMENTARY

COMMENTARY

COMMENTARY

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXII
THE CURE OF THE LEPER AND OF THE CENTURION’S SERVANT

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXIII
JESUS RAISES FROM THE DEAD THE SON OF THE WIDOW OF NAIM

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXIV
JOHN THE BAPTIST SENDS MESSENGERS TO CHRIST

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXV
THE PENITENT MAGDALEN

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXVI
JESUS HEALS ON THE SABBATH THE MAN LANGUISHING THIRTY-EIGHT YEARS, AND PROVES HIS EQUALITY WITH THE FATHER

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXVII
SIN AGAINST THE HOLY GHOST.—MARY DECLARED BLESSED

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXVIII
JESUS PREACHING ON THE LAKE OF GENESARETH. PARABLES

COMMENTARY

COMMENTARY

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXIX
CHRIST STILLS THE TEMPEST

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXX
JESUS RAISES TO LIFE THE DAUGHTER OF JAIRUS, AND HEALS THE WOMAN AFFLICTED WITH AN ISSUE OF BLOOD

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXXI
JESUS CHOOSES AND SENDS FORTH HIS APOSTLES

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXXII
JOHN THE BAPTIST IS PUT TO DEATH

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXXIII
THE MIRACLE OF THE LOAVES AND FISHES AND THE WALKING ON THE WATER

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXXIV
JESUS PROMISES TO GIVE THE BREAD OF LIFE

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXXV
THE CURE OF THE DAUGHTER OF THE WOMAN OF CHANAAN AND OF THE DEAF AND DUMB MAN

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXXVI
JESUS PROMISES PETER THE KEYS OF THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXXVII
THE TRANSFIGURATION

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXXVIII
THE TRIBUTE FOR THE TEMPLE

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XXXIX
JESUS AND THE LITTLE CHILDREN

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XL
FRATERNAL CORRECTION—FORGIVENESS OF INJURIES—THE UNFORGIVING SERVANT

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XLI
JESUS SENDS FORTH HIS SEVENTY-TWO DISCIPLES

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XLII
THE DOCTOR OF THE LAW.—THE GOOD SAMARITAN

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XLIII
MARY AND MARTHA

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XLIV
JESUS THE GOOD SHEPHERD

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XLV
THE PARABLE OF THE PRODIGAL SON

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XLVI
THE PARABLE OF DIVES AND LAZARUS

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XLVII
THE DANGER OF RICHES AND THE REWARD OF VOLUNTARY POVERTY.—A PARABLE

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XLVIII
JESUS GIVES SIGHT ON THE SABBATH TO THE MAN BORN BLIND

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XLIX
THE LORD’S PRAYER

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER L
THE PHARISEE AND THE PUBLICAN

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LI
TEN MEMORABLE SAYINGS OF OUR LORD

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LII
JESUS AT THE FEAST OF THE DEDICATION CLEARLY ASSERTS HIS DIVINITY

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LIII
THE LABOURERS IN THE VINEYARD

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LIV
THE RAISING OF LAZARUS FROM THE DEAD

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LV
JESUS FORETELLS HIS PASSION AND IS ANOINTED BY MARY AT BETHANIA

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LVI
TRIUMPHAL ENTRY OF JESUS INTO JERUSALEM

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LVII
THE PARABLE OF THE MARRIAGE-FEAST

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LVIII
THE TRIBUTE TO CÆSAR

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LIX
THE WOES AGAINST THE PHARISEES, AND THE WIDOWS MITES

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LX
JESUS FORETELLS THE DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM AND THE END OF THE WORLD

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXI
THE PARABLE OF THE TEN VIRGINS

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXII
THE PARABLE OF THE TALENTS

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXIII
THE LAST JUDGMENT

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXIV
THE LAST SUPPER: THE WASHING OF THE FEET

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXV
JESUS INSTITUTES THE MOST HOLY SACRAMENT

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXVI
JESUS FORETELLS THE TREASON OF JUDAS

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXVII
JESUS FORETELLS THE DENIAL OF PETER AND THE FLIGHT OF THE APOSTLES

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXVIII
THE LAST DISCOURSE AND PONTIFICAL PRAYER OF OUR LORD

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXIX
THE AGONY OF JESUS IN THE GARDEN

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXX
JESUS IS APPREHENDED AND BOUND

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXI
JESUS BEFORE ANNAS AND CAIPHAS

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXII
THE DENIAL AND REPENTANCE OF PETER.—THE DESPAIR OF JUDAS

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXIII
JESUS BEFORE PILATE AND HEROD

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXIV
JESUS IS SCOURGED, CROWNED WITH THORNS, AND CONDEMNED TO DEATH

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXV
JESUS CARRIES HIS CROSS TO MOUNT CALVARY. HE IS CRUCIFIED

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXVI
THE SEVEN LAST WORDS ON THE CROSS AND THE DEATH OF OUR LORD

COMMENTARY

COMMENTARY

COMMENTARY

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXVII
JESUS IS LAID IN THE SEPULCHRE

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXVIII
JESUS RISES FROM THE DEAD

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXIX
JESUS APPEARS TO MARY MAGDALEN AND PETER

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXX
JESUS APPEARS TO TWO DISCIPLES ON THE WAY TO EMMAUS

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXXI
JESUS APPEARS TO THE ASSEMBLED APOSTLES, AND INSTITUTES THE SACRAMENT OF PENANCE

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXXII
JESUS APPEARS TO THE DISCIPLES BY THE SEA OF GALILEE, AND CONFERS UPON PETER THE PROMISED SUPREMACY

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXXIII
THE ASCENSION OF JESUS CHRIST

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXXIV
THE ELECTION OF MATTHIAS.—DESCENT OF THE HOLY GHOST

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXXV
A LAME MAN CURED BY PETER AND JOHN.—THEY ARE BROUGHT BEFORE THE COUNCIL

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXXVI
THE HOLY LIFE OF THE FIRST CHRISTIANS.—ANANIAS AND SAPHIRA

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXXVII
THE TWELVE APOSTLES IN PRISON.—GAMALIEL’S COUNSEL

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXXVIII
ELECTION AND ORDINATION OF DEACONS.—STEPHEN THE FIRST MARTYR

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER LXXXIX
THE SACRAMENT OF CONFIRMATION.—BAPTISM OF THE OFFICER OF QUEEN CANDACE

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XC
THE CONVERSION OF SAUL (ABOUT A. D. 37)

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XCI
PETER’S JOURNEY.—HE RAISES TABITHA TO LIFE

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XCII
THE CONVERSION OF CORNELIUS

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XCIII
PETER IN PRISON (A. D. 42)

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XCIV
PAUL’S FIRST MISSION (A. D. 45–48)

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XCV
THE COUNCIL OF JERUSALEM (ABOUT A. D. 50)

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XCVI
THE SECOND MISSION OF ST. PAUL (A. D. 51–54)

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XCVII
ST. PAUL’S THIRD MISSION (A. D. 55–58)

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XCVIII
LAST YEARS OF THE LIVES OF THE APOSTLES

COMMENTARY

CHAPTER XCIX
THE PERPETUITY OF THE APOSTOLIC CHURCH

COMMENTARY








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