A History Of The Church In Seven Books by Socrates
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A HISTORY OF THE CHURCH
IN SEVEN BOOKS

SOCRATES

FROM THE ACCESSION OF CONSTANTINE IN A.D. 306, TO THE 36TH YEAR OF THEODOSIUS, JUN., A.D. 445, INCLUDING A PERIOD OF 140 YEARS

BY Socrates, SURNAMED SCHOLASTICUS, OR THE ADVOCATE.

TRANSLATED FROM THE GREEK: WITH SOME ACCOUNT OF THE LIFE AND WRITINGS OF THE AUTHOR.

ΠΟΛΛΑΙ μεν θνητοις ΓΛΩΤΤΑΙ, μια δʼαθαιατοισιν.

LONDON: SAMUEL BAGSTER AND SONS, WAREHOUSE FOR BIBLES, NEW TESTAMENTS, PRAYER-BOOKS, LEXICONS, GRAMMARS,
CONCORDANCES, AND PSALTERS, IN ANCIENT AND MODERN LANGUAGES; PATERNOSTER ROW M.DCCC.XLIV.

CONTENTS

Title Page: A HISTORY OF THE CHURCH IN SEVEN BOOKS

A HISTORY OF THE CHURCH IN SEVEN BOOKS

THE LIFE OF SOCRATES, AND AN ACCOUNT OF HIS WRITINGS

THE ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY, BY SOCRATES SCHOLASTICUS

BOOK I

CHAPTER I
PREFACE TO THE ENTIRE WORK

CHAPTER II
BY WHAT MEANS THE EMPEROR CONSTANTINE BECAME A CHRISTIAN

CHAPTER III
WHILE CONSTANTINE FAVOURS THE CHRISTIANS, LICINIUS, WHO SHARED WITH HIM THE IMPERIAL DIGNITY, PERSECUTES THEM

CHAPTER IV
WAR ARISES BETWEEN CONSTANTINE AND LICINIUS ON ACCOUNT OF THE CHRISTIANS

CHAPTER V
THE DISPUTE OF ARIUS WITH ALEXANDER HIS BISHOP

CHAPTER VI
DIVISION BEGINS IN THE CHURCH FROM THIS CONTROVERSY; AND ALEXANDER BISHOP OF ALEXANDRIA EXCOMMUNICATES ARIUS AND HIS ADHERENTS

CHAPTER VII
THE EMPEROR CONSTANTINE BEING GRIEVED AT THE DISTURBANCE OF THE CHURCHES, SENDS HOSIUS A SPANIARD TO ALEXANDRIA, EXHORTING THE BISHOP AND ARIUS TO UNANIMITY

CHAPTER VIII
OF THE SYNOD WHICH WAS HELD AT NICE IN BITHYNIA, AND THE FAITH THERE PROMULGATED

CHAPTER IX
THE EPISTLE OF THE SYNOD, RELATIVE TO ITS DECISIONS: AND THE CONDEMNATION OF ARIUS, WITH ALL THOSE WHO HELD HIS OPINIONS

CHAPTER X
THE EMPEROR SUMMONS TO THE SYNOD ACESIUS ALSO, BISHOP OF THE NOVATIANS

CHAPTER XI
OF THE BISHOP PAPHNUTIUS

CHAPTER XII
OF SPYRIDON, BISHOP OF THE CYPRIANS

CHAPTER XIII
OF EUTYCHIAN THE MONK

CHAPTER XIV
EUSEBIUS BISHOP OF NICOMEDIA, AND THEOGNIS BISHOP OF NICE, WHO HAD BEEN BANISHED ON ACCOUNT OF THEIR CONCURRING IN OPINION WITH ARIUS, HAVING PUBLISHED THEIR RECANTATION, AND AGREED TO THE EXPOSITION OF THE FAITH, ARE REINSTATED IN THEIR SEES

CHAPTER XV
AFTER THE SYNOD, ON THE DEATH OF ALEXANDER, ATHANASIUS IS CONSTITUTED BISHOP OF ALEXANDRIA

CHAPTER XVI
THE EMPEROR CONSTANTINE HAVING ENLARGED THE ANCIENT BYZANTIUM, CALLS IT CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER XVII
THE EMPEROR’S MOTHER HELEN HAVING ARRIVED AT JERUSALEM, FINDS THE CROSS OF CHRIST WHICH SHE HAD LONG SOUGHT, AND BUILDS A CHURCH

CHAPTER XVIII
THE EMPEROR CONSTANTINE ABOLISHES PAGANISM AND ERECTS MANY CHURCHES IN DIFFERENT PLACES

CHAPTER XIX
BY WHAT MEANS, IN THE TIME OF CONSTANTINE, THE NATIONS IN THE INTERIOR OF INDIA WERE CHRISTIANIZED

CHAPTER XX
BY WHAT MEANS THE IBERIANS WERE CONVERTED TO CHRISTIANITY

CHAPTER XXI
OF ANTONY THE MONK

CHAPTER XXII
OF MANES THE RINGLEADER OF THE MANICHÆAN HERESY, AND WHENCE HIS ORIGIN

CHAPTER XXIII
EUSEBIUS BISHOP OF NICOMEDIA, AND THEOGNIS BISHOP OF NICE, HAVING RESUMED COURAGE, ENDEAVOUR TO SUBVERT THE NICENE CREED, BY PLOTTING AGAINST ATHANASIUS

CHAPTER XXIV
OF THE SYNOD HELD AT ANTIOCH, WHICH DEPOSED EUSTATHIUS BISHOP OF ANTIOCH, ON WHOSE ACCOUNT A SEDITION WAS EXCITED WHICH ALMOST RUINED THE CITY

CHAPTER XXV
OF THE PRESBYTER WHO EXERTED HIMSELF THAT ARIUS MIGHT BE RECALLED

CHAPTER XXVI
ARIUS ON BEING RECALLED, PRESENTS HIS RECANTATION TO THE EMPEROR, AND PRETENDS TO ACKNOWLEDGE THE NICENE CREED

CHAPTER XXVII
ARIUS HAVING RETURNED TO ALEXANDRIA WITH THE EMPEROR’S CONSENT, AND NOT BEING RECEIVED BY ATHANASIUS, THE PARTISANS OF EUSEBIUS LAY MANY CHARGES BEFORE THE EMPEROR AGAINST ATHANASIUS

CHAPTER XXVIII
ON ACCOUNT OF THE CHARGES AGAINST ATHANASIUS, THE EMPEROR DIRECTS A SYNOD OF BISHOPS TO BE HELD AT TYRE

CHAPTER XXIX
OF ARSENIUS, AND HIS HAND WHICH WAS SAID TO HAVE BEEN CUT OFF

CHAPTER XXX
THE ACCUSERS BETAKE THEMSELVES TO FLIGHT, WHEN ATHANASIUS IS FOUND INNOCENT OF WHAT WAS FIRST LAID TO HIS CHARGE

CHAPTER XXXI
WHEN THE BISHOPS WILL NOT ADMIT HIS DEFENCE ON THE SECOND CHARGE, ATHANASIUS FLEES TO THE EMPEROR

CHAPTER XXXII
ON THE DEPARTURE OF ATHANASIUS, THOSE WHO COMPOSED THE SYNOD VOTE HIS DEPOSITION

CHAPTER XXXIII
THE SYNOD PROCEED FROM TYRE TO JERUSALEM, AND HAVING KEPT THE FEAST OF DEDICATION OF THE “NEW JERUSALEM,” RECEIVE ARIUS AND HIS FOLLOWERS AGAIN INTO COMMUNION

CHAPTER XXXIV
THE EMPEROR SUMMONS THE SYNOD TO HIMSELF BY LETTER, IN ORDER THAT THE CHARGES AGAINST ATHANASIUS MIGHT BE MINUTELY INVESTIGATED BEFORE HIM

CHAPTER XXXV
THE SYNOD NOT HAVING COME TO THE EMPEROR, THE PARTISANS OF EUSEBIUS ACCUSE ATHANASIUS OF HAVING THREATENED TO WITHHOLD THE CORN WHICH IS SUPPLIED TO CONSTANTINOPLE FROM ALEXANDRIA: ON WHICH ACCOUNT THE EMPEROR BEING EXASPERATED, SENDS ATHANASIUS AWAY INTO EXILE, ORDERING HIM TO REMAIN IN THE GALLIAS

CHAPTER XXXVI
OF MARCELLUS BISHOP OF ANCYRA, AND ASTERIUS THE SOPHIST

CHAPTER XXXVII
AFTER THE BANISHMENT OF ATHANASIUS, ARIUS HAVING BEEN SENT FOR FROM ALEXANDRIA BY THE EMPEROR, EXCITES COMMOTIONS AGAINST ALEXANDER BISHOP OF CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER XXXVIII
THE DEATH OF ARIUS

CHAPTER XXXIX
THE EMPEROR, HAVING FALLEN INTO DISEASE, DIES

CHAPTER XL
THE FUNERAL OBSEQUIES OF THE EMPEROR CONSTANTINE

BOOK II

CHAPTER I
THE PREFACE, IN WHICH THE REASON IS ASSIGNED FOR THE AUTHOR’S REVISION OF HIS FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS

CHAPTER II
EUSEBIUS BISHOP OF NICOMEDIA AND HIS PARTY, BY AGAIN ENDEAVOURING OF INTRODUCE THE ARIAN HERESY, CREATE DISTURBANCES IN THE CHURCHES

CHAPTER III
ATHANASIUS CONFIDING IN THE LETTER OF CONSTANTINE THE YOUNGER, RETURNS TO ALEXANDRIA

CHAPTER IV
ON THE DEATH OF EUSEBIUS PAMPHILUS, ACACIUS SUCCEEDS TO THE BISHOPRIC OF CÆSAREA

CHAPTER V
THE DEATH OF CONSTANTINE THE YOUNGER

CHAPTER VI
ALEXANDER BISHOP OF CONSTANTINOPLE, AT HIS DEATH PROPOSES THE ELECTION EITHER OF PAUL OR MACEDONIUS AS HIS SUCCESSOR

CHAPTER VII
THE EMPEROR CONSTANTIUS EJECTS PAUL AFTER HIS ELECTION TO THE PRELACY, AND SENDING FOR EUSEBIUS OF NICOMEDIA, INVESTS HIM WITH THE BISHOPRIC OF CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER VIII
EUSEBIUS HAVING CONVENED ANOTHER SYNOD AT ANTIOCH IN SYRIA, CAUSES A NEW FORM OF FAITH TO BE PROMULGATED

CHAPTER IX
OF EUSEBIUS EMISENUS

CHAPTER X
THE BISHOPS ASSEMBLED AT ANTIOCH, ON THE REFUSAL OF EUSEBIUS EMISENUS TO ACCEPT THE BISHOPRIC OF ALEXANDRIA, ORDAIN GREGORY, AND CHANGE THE EXPRESSION OF THE NICENE CREED

CHAPTER XI
ON THE ARRIVAL OF GREGORY AT ALEXANDRIA, GUARDED BY A MILITARY FORCE, ATHANASIUS FLEES

CHAPTER XII
THE PEOPLE OF CONSTANTINOPLE RESTORE PAUL TO HIS SEE AFTER THE DEATH OF EUSEBIUS, WHILE THE ARIANS ELECT MACEDONIUS

CHAPTER XIII
PAUL IS AGAIN EJECTED FROM THE CHURCH BY CONSTANTIUS, IN CONSEQUENCE OF THE SLAUGHTER OF HERMOGENES HIS GENERAL

CHAPTER XIV
THE ARIANS REMOVE GREGORY FROM THE SEE OF ALEXANDRIA, AND APPOINT GEORGE IN HIS PLACE

CHAPTER XV
ATHANASIUS AND PAUL GOING TO ROME, AND BEING FORTIFIED BY THE LETTERS OF BISHOP JULIUS, RECOVER THEIR RESPECTIVE DIOCESES

CHAPTER XVI
THE EMPEROR CONSTANTIUS SENDS AN ORDER TO PHILIP THE PRÆTORIAN PREFECT, THAT PAUL SHOULD BE EXILED, AND MACEDONIUS INSTALLED IN HIS SEE

CHAPTER XVII
ATHANASIUS AFRAID OF THE EMPEROR’S MENACES RETURNS TO ROME AGAIN

CHAPTER XVIII
THE EMPEROR OF THE WEST REQUESTS HIS BROTHER TO SEND HIM SUCH PERSONS AS COULD GIVE AN ACCOUNT OF THE DEPOSITION OF ATHANASIUS AND PAUL. THOSE WHO ARE SENT PUBLISH ANOTHER FORM OF THE CREED

CHAPTER XIX
AN ELABORATE EXPOSITION OF THE FAITH

CHAPTER XX
OF THE SYNOD AT SARDICA

CHAPTER XXI
DEFENCE OF EUSEBIUS PAMPHILUS

CHAPTER XXII
THE SYNOD OF SARDICA RESTORES PAUL AND ATHANASIUS TO THEIR SEES; AND ON THE EASTERN EMPEROR’S REFUSAL TO ADMIT THEM, THE EMPEROR OF THE WEST THREATENS HIM WITH WAR

CHAPTER XXIII
CONSTANTIUS BEING AFRAID OF HIS BROTHER’S MENACES, BY LETTER RECALS ATHANASIUS, AND SENDS HIM TO ALEXANDRIA

CHAPTER XXIV
ATHANASIUS PASSING THROUGH JERUSALEM IN HIS RETURN TO ALEXANDRIA, IS RECEIVED INTO COMMUNION BY MAXIMUS: AND A SYNOD OF BISHOPS BEING CONVENED IN THAT CITY, THE NICENE CREED IS CONFIRMED

CHAPTER XXV
OF THE TYRANTS MAGNENTIUS AND VETRANIO

CHAPTER XXVI
AFTER THE DEATH OF CONSTANS THE WESTERN EMPEROR, PAUL AND ATHANASIUS ARE AGAIN EJECTED FROM THEIR SEES: THE FORMER AFTER BEING CARRIED INTO EXILE IS SLAIN; BUT THE LATTER ESCAPES BY FLIGHT

CHAPTER XXVII
MACEDONIUS HAVING POSSESSED HIMSELF OF THE SEE OF CONSTANTINOPLE, DOES MUCH MISCHIEF TO THOSE WHO DIFFER FROM HIM IN OPINION

CHAPTER XXVIII
ATHANASIUS’S ACCOUNT OF THE VIOLENCES COMMITTED AT ALEXANDRIA BY GEORGE THE ARIAN

CHAPTER XXIX
OF THE HERESIARCH PHOTINUS

CHAPTER XXX
FORMS OF THE CREED PUBLISHED AT SIRMIUM, IN PRESENCE OF THE EMPEROR CONSTANTIUS

CHAPTER XXXI
OF HOSIUS BISHOP OF CORDOVA

CHAPTER XXXII
OVERTHROW OF THE TYRANT MAGNENTIUS

CHAPTER XXXIII
OF THE JEWS INHABITING DIO CÆSAREA IN PALESTINE

CHAPTER XXXIV
OF GALLUS CÆSAR

CHAPTER XXXV
OF AËTIUS THE SYRIAN, MASTER OF EUNOMIUS

CHAPTER XXXVI
OF THE SYNOD AT MILAN

CHAPTER XXXVII
OF THE SYNOD AT RIMINI, AND THE CREED THERE PUBLISHED

CHAPTER XXXVIII
CRUELTY OF MACEDONIUS, AND TUMULTS RAISED BY HIM

CHAPTER XXXIX
OF THE SYNOD AT SELEUCIA, A CITY OF ISAURIA

CHAPTER XL
ACACIUS BISHOP OF CÆSAREA DICTATES ANOTHER FORM OF THE CREED IN THE SYNOD AT SELEUCIA

CHAPTER XLI
ON THE EMPEROR’S RETURN FROM THE WEST, THE ACACIANS ARE CONVENED AT CONSTANTINOPLE, AND CONFIRM THE CREED BROUGHT FORWARD AT RIMINI, AFTER MAKING SOME ADDITIONS TO IT

CHAPTER XLII
ON THE DEPOSITION OF MACEDONIUS, EUDOXIUS OBTAINS THE BISHOPRIC OF CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER XLIII
OF EUSTATHIUS BISHOP OF SEBASTIA

CHAPTER XLIV
OF MELETIUS BISHOP OF ANTIOCH

CHAPTER XLV
THE HERESY OF MACEDONIUS

CHAPTER XLVI
OF THE APOLLINARISTÆ, AND THEIR HERESY

CHAPTER XLVII
DEATH OF THE EMPEROR CONSTANTIUS

BOOK III

CHAPTER I
OF JULIAN; HIS LINEAGE AND EDUCATION: HIS APOSTASY TO PAGANISM AFTER HIS ELEVATION TO THE IMPERIAL DIGNITY

CHAPTER II
OF THE SEDITION EXCITED AT ALEXANDRIA, AND HOW GEORGE WAS SLAIN

CHAPTER III
THE EMPEROR INDIGNANT AT THE MURDER OF GEORGE, SEVERELY CENSURES THE ALEXANDRIANS BY LETTER

CHAPTER IV
ON THE DEATH OF GEORGE, ATHANASIUS RETURNS TO ALEXANDRIA, AND IS RE-ESTABLISHED IN HIS SEE

CHAPTER V
OF LUCIFER AND EUSEBIUS

CHAPTER VI
LUCIFER GOES TO ANTIOCH AND ORDAINS PAULINUS

CHAPTER VII
BY THE CO-OPERATION OF EUSEBIUS AND ATHANASIUS A SYNOD IS CONVENED AT ALEXANDRIA, WHEREIN THE TRINITY IS DECLARED TO BE CONSUBSTANTIAL

CHAPTER VIII
QUOTATIONS FROM ATHANASIUS’S APOLOGY FOR HIS FLIGHT

CHAPTER IX
AFTER THE SYNOD OF ALEXANDRIA, COMPOSED OF THE SUPPORTERS OF THE DOCTRINE OF CONSUBSTANTIALITY, EUSEBIUS PROCEEDING TO ANTIOCH FINDS THE CATHOLICS AT VARIANCE ON ACCOUNT OF PAULINUS’S ORDINATION; AND HAVING EXERTED HIMSELF IN VAIN TO RECONCILE THEM, HE DEPARTS

CHAPTER X
OF HILARY BISHOP OF POICTIERS

CHAPTER XI
THE EMPEROR JULIAN EXACTS MONEY FROM THE CHRISTIANS

CHAPTER XII
OF MARIS BISHOP OF CHALCEDON

CHAPTER XIII
OF THE TUMULT EXCITED BY THE PAGANS AGAINST THE CHRISTIANS

CHAPTER XIV
FLIGHT OF ATHANASIUS

CHAPTER XV
MARTYRS AT MERUS IN PHRYGIA, UNDER THE REIGN OF JULIAN

CHAPTER XVI
ON THE EMPEROR’S PROHIBITING CHRISTIANS BEING INSTRUCTED IN GREEK LITERATURE, THE TWO APOLLINARES COMPOSE BOOKS IN THAT LANGUAGE

CHAPTER XVII
THE EMPEROR PREPARING AN EXPEDITION AGAINST THE PERSIANS, ARRIVES AT ANTIOCH, WHERE HAVING PROVOKED THE RIDICULE OF THE INHABITANTS, HE RETORTS ON THEM BY A SATIRICAL PUBLICATION ENTITLED “MISOPŌGŌN, OR THE BEARD-HATER”

CHAPTER XVIII
THE EMPEROR CONSULTING AN ORACLE, THE DEMON GIVES NO RESPONSE, BEING AWED BY THE PROXIMITY OF BABYLAS THE MARTYR

CHAPTER XIX
WRATH OF THE EMPEROR, AND FIRMNESS OF THEODORE THE CONFESSOR

CHAPTER XX
THE JEWS BEING INSTIGATED BY THE EMPEROR TO REBUILD THEIR TEMPLE, ARE FRUSTRATED IN THEIR ATTEMPT BY MIRACULOUS INTERPOSITION

CHAPTER XXI
THE EMPEROR’S IRRUPTION INTO PERSIA, AND DEATH

CHAPTER XXII
JOVIAN IS PROCLAIMED EMPEROR

CHAPTER XXIII
REFUTATION OF THE STATEMENTS OF LIBANIUS THE SOPHIST CONCERNING JULIAN

CHAPTER XXIV
ANXIETY OF THE BISHOPS TO INDUCE JOVIAN TO FAVOUR THEIR OWN CREED

CHAPTER XXV
THE MACEDONIANS AND ACACIANS CONVENE AT ANTIOCH, AND DECLARE THEIR ASSENT TO THE NICENE CREED

CHAPTER XXVI
DEATH OF THE EMPEROR JOVIAN

BOOK IV

CHAPTER I
AFTER JOVIAN’S DEATH, VALENTINIAN IS PROCLAIMED EMPEROR, WHO MAKES HIS BROTHER VALENS HIS COLLEAGUE IN THE EMPIRE; VALENTINIAN HOLDING THE ORTHODOX FAITH, BUT VALENS BEING AN ARIAN

CHAPTER II
VALENTINIAN GOES INTO THE WEST, LEAVING VALENS AT CONSTANTINOPLE, WHO ACCEDES TO THE REQUEST OF THE MACEDONIANS THAT A SYNOD MIGHT BE CONVENED, BUT PERSECUTES THE HOMOOUSIANS

CHAPTER III
WHILE VALENS PERSECUTES THE ORTHODOX CHRISTIANS IN THE EAST, A TYRANT ARISES AT CONSTANTINOPLE NAMED PROCOPIUS: AND AT THE SAME TIME AN EARTHQUAKE AND INUNDATION TAKE PLACE

CHAPTER IV
THE MACEDONIANS CONVENE A SYNOD AT LAMPSACUS, DURING A PERIOD OF BOTH SECULAR AND ECCLESIASTICAL AGITATION; AND AFTER CONFIRMING THE ANTIOCHIAN CREED, AND ANATHEMATIZING THAT PROMULGATED AT RIMINI, THEY AGAIN RATIFY THE DEPOSITION OF ACACIUS AND EUDOXIUS

CHAPTER V
ENGAGEMENT BETWEEN VALENS AND PROCOPIUS NEAR NACOLIA IN PHRYGIA; AFTER WHICH THE TYRANT IS BETRAYED BY HIS CHIEF OFFICERS, AND WITH THEM PUT TO DEATH

CHAPTER VI
AFTER THE TYRANT’S DEATH, VALENS CONSTRAINS THOSE WHO COMPOSED THE SYNOD, AND ALL CHRISTIANS, TO PROFESS ARIAN TENETS

CHAPTER VII
EUNOMIUS SUPERSEDES ELEUSIUS IN THE SEE OF CYZICUM. HIS ORIGIN AND IMITATION OF AETIUS, WHOSE AMANUENSIS HE HAD BEEN

CHAPTER VIII
OF THE ORACLE FOUND INSCRIBED ON A STONE, WHEN THE WALLS OF CHALCEDON WERE DEMOLISHED BY ORDER OF THE EMPEROR VALENS

CHAPTER IX
VALENS PERSECUTES THE NOVATIANS, BECAUSE OF THEIR HOLDING THE ORTHODOX FAITH

CHAPTER X
THE EMPEROR VALENTINIAN BEGETS A SON, WHO IS NAMED AFTER HIS FATHER; GRATIAN HAVING BEEN BORN BEFORE HIS ACCESSION TO THE IMPERIAL DIGNITY

CHAPTER XI
HAIL OF EXTRAORDINARY SIZE; AND EARTHQUAKES IN BITHYNIA AND THE HELLESPONT

CHAPTER XII
THE MACEDONIANS PRESSED BY THE EMPEROR’S VIOLENCE TOWARD THEM, SEND A DEPUTATION TO LIBERIUS BISHOP OF ROME, AND SUBSCRIBE THE HOMOOUSIAN CREED

CHAPTER XIII
EUNOMIUS SEPARATES FROM EUDOXIUS; THROUGH WHOM A DISTURBANCE BEING RAISED AT ALEXANDRIA, ATHANASIUS SECRETES HIMSELF AGAIN, UNTIL BY VIRTUE OF THE EMPEROR’S LETTERS, HE IS RE-ESTABLISHED

CHAPTER XIV
THE ARIANS ORDAIN DEMOPHILUS AFTER THE DECEASE OF EUDOXIUS AT CONSTANTINOPLE; BUT THE ORTHODOX PARTY CONSTITUTE EVAGRIUS HIS SUCCESSOR

CHAPTER XV
THE HOMOOUSIANS ARE PERSECUTED BY THE ARIANS, AFTER THE BANISHMENT OF EVAGRIUS AND EUSTATHIUS

CHAPTER XVI
ECCLESIASTICS BURNT IN A SHIP BY ORDER OF VALENS. FAMINE IN PHRYGIA

CHAPTER XVII
THE EMPEROR VALENS WHILE AT ANTIOCH, AGAIN PERSECUTES THE HOMOOUSIANS

CHAPTER XVIII
TRANSACTIONS AT EDESSA: CONSTANCY OF THE DEVOUT CITIZENS, AND COURAGE OF A PIOUS FEMALE

CHAPTER XIX
SLAUGHTER OF MANY PERSONS BY VALENS ON ACCOUNT OF THEIR NAMES, BY REASON OF A HEATHEN PREDICTION

CHAPTER XX
DEATH OF ATHANASIUS, AND ELEVATION OF PETER TO HIS SEE

CHAPTER XXI
THE ARIANS INDUCE THE EMPEROR TO SET LUCIUS OVER THE SEE OF ALEXANDRIA, AND PETER IS IMPRISONED

CHAPTER XXII
FLIGHT OF PETER TO ROME. MASSACRE OF THE SOLITARIES AT THE INSTIGATION OF THE ARIANS

CHAPTER XXIII
A LIST OF HOLY PERSONS WHO DEVOTED THEMSELVES TO A SOLITARY LIFE

CHAPTER XXIV
ASSAULT UPON THE MONKS, AND BANISHMENT OF THEIR SUPERIORS, WHO EXHIBIT MIRACULOUS POWER

CHAPTER XXV
OF DIDYMUS THE BLIND MAN

CHAPTER XXVI
OF BASIL BISHOP OF CÆSAREA, AND GREGORY OF NAZIANZEN

CHAPTER XXVII
OF GREGORY THAUMATURGUS

CHAPTER XXVIII
OF NOVATUS AND HIS FOLLOWERS. THE NOVATIANS OF PHRYGIA ALTER THE TIME OF KEEPING EASTER

CHAPTER XXIX
DAMASUS ORDAINED BISHOP OF ROME. SEDITION AND LOSS OF LIFE CAUSED BY THE RIVALRY OF URSINUS

CHAPTER XXX
DISSENSION ABOUT A SUCCESSOR TO AUXENTIUS BISHOP OF MILAN. AMBROSE, GOVERNOR OF THE PROVINCE, GOING TO APREASE THE TUMULT, IS BY GENERAL CONSENT, THE EMPEROR VALENTINIAN ALSO SANCTIONING IT, ELECTED TO PRESIDE OVER THAT SEE

CHAPTER XXXI
DEATH OF VALENTINIAN

CHAPTER XXXII
THE EMPEROR VALENS, APPEASED BY THE ORATION OF THEMISTIUS THE PHILOSOPHER, MITIGATES HIS PERSECUTION OF THE CHRISTIANS

CHAPTER XXXIII
THE GOTHS, UNDER THE REIGN OF VALENS, EMBRACE CHRISTIANITY

CHAPTER XXXIV
ADMISSION OF THE FUGITIVE GOTHS INTO THE ROMAN TERRITORIES, WHICH CAUSED THE EMPEROR’S OVERTHROW, AND EVENTUALLY THE SUBVERSION OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE

CHAPTER XXXV
REMISSION OF PERSECUTION AGAINST THE CHRISTIANS BECAUSE OF THE WAR WITH THE GOTHS

CHAPTER XXXVI
THE SARACENS, UNDER MAVIA THEIR QUEEN, EMBRACE CHRISTIANITY; AND MOSES, A PIOUS MONK, IS ORDAINED THEIR BISHOP

CHAPTER XXXVII
AFTER THE DEPARTURE OF VALENS FROM ANTIOCH, THE ALEXANDRIANS EJECT LUCIUS, AND RESTORE PETER

CHAPTER XXXVIII
THE EMPEROR VALENS IS SLAIN IN AN ENGAGEMENT WITH THE GOTHS NEAR ADRIANOPLE

BOOK V

THE PREFACE TO BOOK V

CHAPTER I
THE GOTHS AGAIN ATTACK CONSTANTINOPLE, AND ARE REPULSED BY THE CITIZENS, AIDED BY SOME SARACEN AUXILIARIES

CHAPTER II
THE EMPEROR GRATIAN RECALS THE ORTHODOX BISHOPS, AND EXPELS THE HERETICS FROM THE CHURCHES. HE TAKES THEODOSIUS AS HIS IMPERIAL COLLEAGUE

CHAPTER III
THE PRINCIPAL BISHOPS WHO FLOURISHED AT THAT TIME

CHAPTER IV
THE MACEDONIANS WHO HAD SUBSCRIBED THE HOMOOUSIAN DOCTRINE, RETURN TO THEIR FORMER ERROR

CHAPTER V
TRANSACTIONS AT ANTIOCH IN CONNECTION WITH PAULINUS AND MELETIUS

CHAPTER VI
GREGORY OF NAZIANZEN IS TRANSLATED TO THE SEE OF CONSTANTINOPLE. THE EMPEROR THEODOSIUS FALLING SICK AT THESSALONICA, IS THERE BAPTIZED BY ASCHOLIUS THE BISHOP

CHAPTER VII
GREGORY ABDICATES THE EPISCOPATE OF CONSTANTINOPLE. THE EMPEROR ORDERS DEMOPHILUS THE ARIAN BISHOP EITHER TO ASSENT TO THE HOMOOUSIAN FAITH, OR LEAVE THE CITY

CHAPTER VIII
A SYNOD CONVENED AT CONSTANTINOPLE. ORDINATION OF NECTARIUS

CHAPTER IX
THE BODY OF PAUL BISHOP OF CONSTANTINOPLE IS HONOURABLY TRANSFERRED FROM HIS PLACE OF EXILE. DEATH OF MELETIUS

CHAPTER X
THE EMPEROR CAUSES A SYNOD TO BE CONVENED COMPOSED OF ALL THE VARIOUS SECTS. ARCADIUS IS PROCLAIMED AUGUSTUS. THE NOVATIANS PERMITTED TO HOLD THEIR ASSEMBLIES IN THE CITY OF CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER XI
THE EMPEROR GRATIAN IS SLAIN BY THE TREACHERY OF THE TYRANT MAXIMUS. JUSTINA CEASES FROM PERSECUTING AMBROSE

CHAPTER XII
WHILE THE EMPEROR THEODOSIUS IS ENGAGED IN MILITARY PREPARATIONS AGAINST THE TYRANT, HIS SON HONORIUS IS BORN. HE THEN PROCEEDS TO MILAN IN ORDER TO ENCOUNTER MAXIMUS

CHAPTER XIII
THE ARIANS EXCITE A TUMULT AT CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER XIV
OVERTHROW AND DEATH OF THE TYRANT MAXIMUS

CHAPTER XV
OF FLAVIAN BISHOP OF ANTIOCH

CHAPTER XVI
DEMOLITION OF THE IDOLATROUS TEMPLES AT ALEXANDRIA; AND CONFLICT BETWEEN THE PAGANS AND CHRISTIANS

CHAPTER XVII
OF THE HIEROGLYPHICS FOUND IN THE TEMPLE OF SERAPIS

CHAPTER XVIII
REFORMATION OF ABUSES AT ROME BY THE EMPEROR THEODOSIUS

CHAPTER XIX
THE OFFICE OF PENITENTIARY PRESBYTER ABOLISHED

CHAPTER XX
DIVISIONS AMONG THE ARIANS AND OTHER HERERTICS

CHAPTER XXI
PECULIAR SCHISM AMONG THE NOVATIANS

CHAPTER XXII
THE AUTHOR’S VIEWS RESPECTING THE CELEBRATION OF EASTER; WITH OBSERVATIONS ON BAPTISM, FASTING, MARRIAGE, THE EUCHARIST, AND OTHER ECCUESIASTICAL RITES

CHAPTER XXIII
FURTHER DISSENSIONS AMONG THE ARIANS AT CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER XXIV
THE EUNOMIANS DIVIDE INTO SEVERAL FACTIONS

CHAPTER XXV
THE TYRANT EUGENIUS COMPASSES THE DEATH OF VALENTINIAN JUNIOR

CHAPTER XXVI
DEATH OF THE EMPEROR THEODOSIUS

BOOK VI

THE PREFACE TO BOOK VI

CHAPTER I
THEODOSIUS’S TWO SONS DIVIDE THE EMPIRE. RUFINUS IS SLAIN AT THE FEET OF ARCADIUS

CHAPTER II
DEATH OF NECTARIUS AND ORDINATION OF JOHN

CHAPTER III
BIRTH AND EDUCATION OF JOHN BISHOP OF CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER IV
JOHN RENDERS HIMSELF ODIOUS TO HIS CLERGY. OF SERAPION

CHAPTER V
JOHN DRAWS DOWN UPON HIMSELF THE DISPLEASURE OF MANY PERSONS OF RANK AND POWER. OF THE EUNUCH EUTROPIUS

CHAPTER VI
GAÏNAS THE GOTH ATTEMPTS TO USURP THE SOVEREIGN POWER, AND AFTER FILLING CONSTANTINOPLE WITH DISORDER, IS SLAIN

CHAPTER VII
DISSENSION BETWEEN THEOPHILUS BISHOP OF ALEXANDRIA AND THE MONKS.—CONDEMNATION OF ORIGEN’S BOOKS

CHAPTER VIII
THE ARIANS AND HOMOOUSIANS PRACTISE NOCTURNAL ALTERNATIVE HYMNS, A SPECIES OF COMPOSITION ASCRIBED TO THE MARTYR IGNATIUS, SURNAMED THEOPHORUS. CONFLICT BETWEEN THE TWO PARTIES

CHAPTER IX
THEOPHILUS BISHOP OF ALEXANDRIA ENDEAVOURS TO DEPOSE JOHN BISHOP OF CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER X
EPIPHANIUS BISHOP OF CYPRUS CONVENES A SYNOD TO CONDEMN THE BOOKS OF ORIGEN

CHAPTER XI
OF SEVERIAN AND ANTIOCHUS: THEIR DISAGREEMENT WITH JOHN

CHAPTER XII
EPIPHANIUS PERFORMS ORDINATIONS AT CONSTANTINOPLE WITHOUT JOHN’S PERMISSION

CHAPTER XIII
THE AUTHOR’S DEFENCE OF ORIGEN

CHAPTER XIV
EPIPHANIUS ADMONISHED BY JOHN CONCERNING HIS ANTI-CANONICAL PROCEEDINGS, LEAVES CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER XV
JOHN IS EJECTED FROM HIS CHURCH ON ACCOUNT OF HIS DISPRAISE OF WOMEN

CHAPTER XVI
SEDITION ON ACCOUNT OF JOHN CHRYSOSTOM’S BANISHMENT. HE IS RECALLED

CHAPTER XVII
CONFLICT BETWEEN THE CONSTANTINOPOLITANS AND ALEXANDRIANS. FLIGHT OF THEOPHILUS AND THE BISHOPS OF HIS PARTY

CHAPTER XVIII
OF EUDOXIA’S SILVER STATUE. JOHN IS EXILED A SECOND TIME

CHAPTER XIX
ORDINATION OF ARSACIUS AS JOHN’S SUCCESSOR. INDISPOSITION OF CYRIN BISHOP OF CHALCEDON

CHAPTER XX
DEATH OF ARSACIUS, AND ORDINATION OF ATTICUS

CHAPTER XXI
JOHN DIES IN EXILE

CHAPTER XXII
OF SISINNIUS BISHOP OF THE NOVATIANS. HIS READINESS AT REPARTEE

CHAPTER XXIII
DEATH OF THE EMPEROR ARCADIUS

BOOK VII

CHAPTER I
ANTHEMIUS THE PRÆTORIAN PRÆFECT ADMINISTERS THE GOVERNMENT OF THE EAST IN BEHALF OF YOUNG THEODOSIUS

CHAPTER II
CHARACTER AND CONDUCT OF ATTICUS BISHOP OF CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER III
OF THEODOSIUS AND AGAPETUS BISHOPS OF SYNADA

CHAPTER IV
A PARALYTIC JEW HEALED BY ATTICUS IN BAPTISM

CHAPTER V
THE PRESBYTER SABBATIUS, FORMERLY A JEW, SEPARATES FROM THE NOVATIANS

CHAPTER VI
BISHOPS OF THE ARIAN HERESY

CHAPTER VII
CYRIL SUCCEEDS THEOPHILUS BISHOP OF ALEXANDRIA

CHAPTER VIII
PROPAGATION OF CHRISTIANITY AMONG THE PERSIANS

CHAPTER IX
BISHOPS OF ANTIOCH AND ROME

CHAPTER X
ROME TAKEN AND SACKED BY ALARIC

CHAPTER XI
BISHOPS OF ROME

CHAPTER XII
OF CHRYSANTHUS BISHOP OF THE NOVATIANS AT CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER XIII
CONFLICT BETWEEN THE CHRISTIANS AND JEWS AT ALEXANDRIA: AND BREACH BETWEEN CYRIL THE BISHOP AND ORESTES THE PRÆFECT

CHAPTER XIV
SEDITION OF THE MONKS AGAINST THE PRÆFECT OF ALEXANDRIA

CHAPTER XV
OF HYPATIA THE FEMALE PHILOSOPHER

CHAPTER XVI
THE JEWS COMMIT ANOTHER OUTRAGE UPON THE CHRISTIANS

CHAPTER XVII
MIRACLE AT THE BAPTISM OF A JEWISH IMPOSTOR

CHAPTER XVIII
RENEWAL OF HOSTILITIES BETWEEN THE ROMANS AND PERSIANS AFTER THE DEATH OF ISDIGERDES

CHAPTER XIX
OF PALLADIUS THE COURIER

CHAPTER XX
A SECOND OVERTHROW OF THE PERSIANS BY THE ROMANS

CHAPTER XXI
SINGULAR CHARITY OF ACACIUS BISHOP OF AMIDA TOWARD THE PERSIAN CAPTIVES

CHAPTER XXII
VIRTUES OF THE EMPEROR THEODOSIUS JUNIOR

CHAPTER XXIII
TYRANNY OF JOHN AFTER THE DEATH OF THE EMPEROR HONORIUS. HE IS DESTROYED THROUGH THE PRAYERS OF THEODOSIUS JUNIOR.

CHAPTER XXIV
VALENTINIAN PROCLAIMED EMPEROR

CHAPTER XXV
CHRISTIAN BENEVOLENCE OF ATTICUS BISHOP OF CONSTANTINOPLE. HIS FORE-KNOWLEDGE OF HIS OWN DEATH

CHAPTER XXVI
SISINNIUS IS CHOSEN TO SUCCEED ATTICUS

CHAPTER XXVII
VOLUMINOUS PRODUCTIONS OF PHILIP, A PRESBYTER OF SIDE

CHAPTER XXVIII
PROCLUS ORDAINED BISHOP OF CYZICUM BY SISINNIUS, BUT REJECTED BY THE PEOPLE

CHAPTER XXIX
NESTORIUS PROMOTED TO THE SEE OF CONSTANTINOPLE. HIS PERSECUTION OF THE HERETICS

CHAPTER XXX
THE BURGUNDIANS EMBRACE CHRISTIANITY

CHAPTER XXXI
NESTORIUS HARASSES THE MACEDONIANS

CHAPTER XXXII
OF THE PRESBYTER ANASTASIUS, BY WHOM THE FAITH OF NESTORIUS WAS PERVERTED

CHAPTER XXXIII
DESECRATION OF THE ALTAR OF THE GREAT CHURCH

CHAPTER XXXIV
SYNOD AT EPHESUS AGAINST NESTORIUS. HIS DEPOSITION

CHAPTER XXXV
ELECTION OF MAXIMIAN TO THE EPISCOPATE OF CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER XXXVI
THE AUTHOR’S OPINION OF THE VALIDITY OF TRANSLATIONS FROM ONE SEE TO ANOTHER

CHAPTER XXXVII
MIRACLE PERFORMED BY SILVANUS BISHOP OF TROAS

CHAPTER XXXVIII
MANY OF THE JEWS IN CRETE EMBRACE THE CHRISTIAN FAITH

CHAPTER XXXIX
PRESERVATION OF THE CHURCH OF THE NOVATIANS FROM FIRE

CHAPTER XL
PROCLUS SUCCEEDS MAXIMIAN BISHOP OF CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER XLI
EXCELLENT QUALITIES OF PROCLUS

CHAPTER XLII
EULOGIUM OF THE EMPEROR THEODOSIUS JUNIOR

CHAPTER XLIII
CALAMITIES OF THE BARBARIANS WHO HAD BEEN THE TYRANT JOHN’S AUXILIARIES

CHAPTER XLIV
MARRIAGE OF THE EMPEROR VALENTINIAN WITH EUDOXIA THE DAUGHTER OF THEODOSIUS

CHAPTER XLV
THE BODY OF JOHN CHRYSOSTOM TRANSFERRED TO CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER XLVI
DEATH OF PAUL BISHOP OF THE NOVATIANS, AND ELECTION OF MARCIAN AS HIS SUCCESSOR

CHAPTER XLVII
THE EMPRESS EUDOCIA GOES TO JERUSALEM

CHAPTER XLVIII
THALASSIUS IS ORDAINED BISHOP OF CÆSAREA IN CAPPADOCIA








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