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A HISTORY OF THE CHURCH
IN FIVE BOOKS

THEODORET

A HISTORY OF THE CHURCH IN FIVE BOOKS, FROM A.D. 322. TO THE DEATH OF THEODORE OF MOPSUESTIA A.D. 427 BY THEODORETUS, BISHOP OF CYRUS

A NEW TRANSLATION FROM THE ORIGINAL: WITH A MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR, AN ACCOUNT OF HIS WRITINGS, AND THE CHRONOLOGY OF THE EVENTS RECORDED

LONDON: SAMUEL BAGSTER AND SONS, WAREHOUSE FOR BIBLES, NEW TESTAMENTS, PRAYER-BOOKS LEXICONS, GRAMMARS, CONCORDANCES, AND PSALTERS IN ANCIENT AND MODERN LANGUAGES; 15, PATERNOSTER ROW M.DCCC.XLIII

CONTENTS

Title Page: A HISTORY OF THE CHURCH IN FIVE BOOKS

A HISTORY OF THE CHURCH IN FIVE BOOKS

LIFE OF THEODORET AND AN ACCOUNT OF HIS WRITINGS

THE ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY OF THEODORET

THE HISTORY—BOOK I

CHAPTER I
DESIGN OF THIS WORK

CHAPTER II
ORIGIN OF THE ARIAN HERESY

CHAPTER III
LIST OF THE PRINCIPAL BISHOPS

CHAPTER IV
THE EPISTLE OF ALEXANDER, BISHOP OF ALEXANDRIA, TO ALEXANDER, BISHOP OF CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER V
THE LETTER OF ARIUS TO EUSEBIUS, BISHOP OF NICOMEDIA

CHAPTER VI
THE LETTER OF EUSEBIUS, BISHOP OF NICOMEDIA, TO PAULINUS, BISHOP OF TYRE

CHAPTER VII
GENERAL COUNCIL OF NICE

CHAPTER VIII
CONFUTATION OF ARIANISM DEDUCED. FROM THE WRITINGS OF EUSTATHIUS AND ATHANASIUS

CHAPTER IX
FACTS RELATING TO MELITIUS THE EGYPTIAN, FROM WHOM ORIGINATED THE MELITIAN SCHISMS, WHICH REMAIN TO THIS DAY.—SYNODICAL EPISTLE RESPECTING HIM

CHAPTER X
THE EPISTLE OF THE EMPEROR CONSTANTINE, CONCERNING THE MATTERS TRANSACTED AT THE COUNCIL, ADDRESSED TO THOSE BISHOPS WHO WERE NOT PRESENT

CHAPTER XI
THE DAILY WANTS OF THE CHURCH SUPPLIED BY THE EMPEROR, AND AN ACCOUNT OF HIS OTHER VIRTUES

CHAPTER XII
EPISTLE OF EUSEBIUS, BISHOP OF CÆSAREA, CONCERNING THE NICÆAN FORMULARY OF FAITH

CHAPTER XIII
CONFUTATION OF THE BLASPHEMING ARIANS OF THIS PERIOD, FROM THE WRITINGS OF EUSEBIUS, BISHOP OF CÆSAREA

CHAPTER XIV
EXTRACT FROM THE WRITINGS OF ATHANASIUS ON THE DEATH OF ARIUS

CHAPTER XV
LETTER WRITTEN BY THE EMPEROR CONSTANTINE RESPECTING THE BUILDING OF CHURCHES

CHAPTER XVI
THE EPISTLE OF CONSTANTINE CONCERNING THE PREPARATION OF COPIES OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURES

CHAPTER XVII
LETTER FROM THE EMPEROR TO MACARIUS, BISHOP OF JERUSALEM, CONCERNING THE BUILDING OF THE HOLY CHURCH

CHAPTER XVIII
HELENA, MOTHER OF THE EMPEROR CONSTANTINE.—HER ZEAL IN THE ERECTION OF THE HOLY CHURCH

CHAPTER XIX
THE UNLAWFUL TRANSLATION OF EUSEBIUS, BISHOP OF NICOMEDIA

CHAPTER XX
EPISTLE OF THE EMPEROR CONSTANTINE AGAINST EUSEBIUS AND THEOGNIS, ADDRESSED TO THE NICOMEDIANS

CHAPTER XXI
THE ARTFUL MACHINATIONS OF EUSEBIUS AND HIS PARTISANS AGAINST THE HOLY EUSTATHIUS, BISHOP OF ANTIOCH

CHAPTER XXII
BISHOPS OF HERETICAL OPINIONS ORDAINED IN ANTIOCH AFTER THE BANISHMENT OF ST. EUSTATHIUS

CHAPTER XXIII
CONVERSION OF THE INDIANS

CHAPTER XXIV
CONVERSION OF THE IBERIANS

CHAPTER XXV
LETTER WRITTEN BY THE EMPEROR CONSTANTINE TO SAPOR, THE KING OF PERSIA, RESPECTING THE CHRISTIANS

CHAPTER XXVI
AN ACCOUNT OF THE PLOT FORMED AGAINST THE HOLY ATHANASIUS

CHAPTER XXVII
LETTER FROM THE EMPEROR CONSTANTINE TO THE ALEXANDRIANS

CHAPTER XXVIII
ANOTHER PLOT AGAINST THE BISHOP ATHANASIUS

CHAPTER XXIX
EPISTLE OF THE EMPEROR CONSTANTINE TO THE COUNCIL

CHAPTER XXX
COUNCIL OF TYRE

CHAPTER XXXI
CONSECRATION OF THE CHURCH OF JERUSALEM.—BANISHMENT OF ST. ATHANASIUS

CHAPTER XXXII
WILL OF THE BLESSED EMPEROR CONSTANTINE

CHAPTER XXXIII
APOLOGY FOR CONSTANTINE

CHAPTER XXXIV
THE END OF THE HOLY EMPEROR CONSTANTINE

THE HISTORY—BOOK II

CHAPTER I
RETURN OF ST. ATHANASIUS

CHAPTER II
EPISTLE OF THE EMPEROR CONSTANTINE, THE SON OF CONSTANTINE THE GREAT, TO THE ALEXANDRIANS

CHAPTER III
DECLENSION OF THE EMPEROR CONSTANTIUS FROM THE TRUE FAITH

CHAPTER IV
SECOND EXILE OF ST. ATHANASIUS.—ORDINATION AND DEATH OF GREGORY

CHAPTER V
PAUL, BISHOP OF CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER VI
THE HERESY OF MACEDONIUS

CHAPTER VII
COUNCIL HELD AT SARDICA

CHAPTER VIII
SYNODICAL LETTER FROM THE BISHOPS ASSEMBLED AT SARDICA, ADDRESSED TO THE OTHER BISHOPS

CHAPTER IX
ACCOUNT OF THE BISHOPS EUPHRATAS AND VINCENTIUS, AND OF THE PLOT FORMED AGAINST THEM

CHAPTER X
DEPOSITION OF STEPHEN

CHAPTER XI
CONSTANTIUS AUGUSTUS THE CONQUEROR TO ATHANASIUS

CHAPTER XII
THE SECOND RETURN OF ST. ATHANASIUS FROM EXILE

CHAPTER XIII
THIRD EXILE AND FLIGHT OF ATHANASIUS

CHAPTER XIV
EVIL AND DARING DEEDS COMMITTED BY GEORGE IN ALEXANDRIA

CHAPTER XV
COUNCIL OF MILAN

CHAPTER XVI
CONFERENCE BETWEEN LIBERIUS BISHOP OF ROME, AND THE EMPEROR CONSTANTIUS

CHAPTER XVII
BANISHMENT AND RETURN OF THE HOLY LIBERIUS

CHAPTER XVIII
COUNCIL OF RIMINI

CHAPTER XIX
SYNODICAL LETTER FROM THE BISHOPS CONVENED AT RIMINI, ADDRESSED TO THE EMPEROR CONSTANTIUS

CHAPTER XX
ANOTHER LETTER ADDRESSED TO CONSTANTIUS

CHAPTER XXI
AN ACCOUNT OF THE COUNCIL HELD AT NICE, A CITY OF THRACE, AND OF THE FORMULARY OF FAITH THERE COMPILED

CHAPTER XXII
SYNODICAL LETTER FROM DAMASUS, BISHOP OF ROME, AND THE BISHOPS OF THE WEST, TO THE BISHOPS OF ILLYRIA, CONCERNING THE COUNCIL OF RIMINI

CHAPTER XXIII
LETTER FROM ATHANASIUS, BISHOP OF ALEXANDRIA, RESPECTING THE SAME COUNCIL

CHAPTER XXIV
EVIL MACHINATIONS OF LEONTIUS, BISHOP OF ANTIOCH: THE BOLDNESS OF FLAVIANUS AND OF DIODORUS

CHAPTER XXV
INNOVATIONS OF EUDOXIUS BISHOP OF GERMANICA.—HE IS ZEALOUSLY OPPOSED BY BASIL BISHOP OF ANCYRA, AND BY EUSTATHIUS BISHOP OF SEBASTE

CHAPTER XXVI
COUNCIL CONVOKED FIRST AT NICE, AND AFTERWARDS AT SELEUCIA IN ISAURIA

CHAPTER XXVII
EVENTS WHICH HAPPENED TO THE ORTHODOX BISHOPS AT CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER XXVIII
SYNODICAL EPISTLE WRITTEN AGAINST AËTIUS

CHAPTER XXIX
CAUSE OF THE RUPTURE BETWEEN THE EUNOMIANS AND THE ARIANS

CHAPTER XXX
SIEGE OF NISIBIS.—APOSTOLICAL CONDUCT OF JAMES, BISHOP OF THE CITY

CHAPTER XXXI
SYNOD HELD AT ANTIOCH.—CIRCUMSTANCES WHICH THERE OCCURRED RELATIVE TO THE HOLY MELITIUS

CHAPTER XXXII
EUSEBIUS, BISHOP OF SAMOSATA

THE HISTORY—BOOK III

CHAPTER I
THE EMPEROR JULIAN

CHAPTER II
THE RELIGIOUS EDUCATION OF JULIAN, AND HIS SUBSEQUENT APOSTASY

CHAPTER III
MANNER IN WHICH JULIAN OPENLY MANIFESTED THOSE IMPIOUS SENTIMENTS WHICH HE HAD PREVIOUSLY CONCEALED

CHAPTER IV
RETURN OF THE BISHOPS FROM EXILE

CHAPTER V
ORDINATION OF PAULINUS

CHAPTER VI
ACCOUNT OF THE CIRCUMSTANCES BY WHICH JULIAN WAS LED, THROUGH ENVY AND NOT FROM BENEVOLENCE, TO REFRAIN FROM PUBLICLY SLAYING THE CHRISTIANS

CHAPTER VII
ATTACKS MADE ON THE CHRISTIANS BY THE PAGANS WHO HAD BEEN RAISED TO POWER BY JULIAN

CHAPTER VIII
LAWS ENACTED AGAINST THE CHRISTIANS

CHAPTER IX
BANISHMENT AND FLIGHT OF ST. ATHANASIUS

CHAPTER X
EVENTS RELATING TO THE DAPHNEAN APOLLO, AND TO ST. BABYLAS

CHAPTER XI
FIDELITY OF THEODORE

CHAPTER XII
CONFISCATION OF THE HOLY TREASURES AND VESSELS

CHAPTER XIII
THE IMPIETY OF JULIAN, THE UNCLE OF THE EMPEROR, AND LIKEWISE THAT OF HIS COMPANIONS, VISITED BY DIVINE VENGEANCE

CHAPTER XIV
CONVERSION OF A PRIEST’S SON

CHAPTER XV
MARTYRDOM OF THE TWO ROMANS, JUVENTIUS AND MAXIMUS

CHAPTER XVI
BANISHMENT OF VALENTINIAN, WHO SUBSEQUENTLY BECAME EMPEROR

CHAPTER XVII
OTHER CONFESSORS OF THE FAITH

CHAPTER XVIII
MARTYRDOM OF ARTEMIUS

CHAPTER XIX
BOLDNESS OF PUBLIA, THE DEACONESS, IN ADHERING TO RELIGION

CHAPTER XX
ATTEMPT MADE BY THE JEWS TO REBUILD THE TEMPLE, AND THE JUDGMENTS WHICH THEY SUFFERED IN CONSEQUENCE

CHAPTER XXI
EXPEDITION OF JULIAN AGAINST PERSIA

CHAPTER XXII
BOLDNESS OF A DECURION OF BERŒA

CHAPTER XXIII
PREDICTION OF A SCHOOLMASTER

CHAPTER XXIV
PROPHECY OF ST. JULIAN, A MONK

CHAPTER XXV
DEATH OF THE EMPEROR JULIAN IN PERSIA

CHAPTER XXVI
ABOMINABLE SORCERIES DETECTED, AFTER THE DEATH OF JULIAN, AT CARRAS

CHAPTER XXVII
HEADS OF MEN FOUND IN THE PALACE OF ANTIOCH

CHAPTER XXVIII
PUBLIC REJOICINGS IN ANTIOCH

THE HISTORY—BOOK IV

CHAPTER I
REIGN AND PIETY OF JOVIAN

CHAPTER II
RETURN OF ST. ATHANASIUS

CHAPTER III
SYNODICAL LETTER RESPECTING THE FAITH ADDRESSED TO THE EMPEROR JOVIAN BY ST. ATHANASIUS

CHAPTER IV
REVENUES RESTORED TO THE CHURCHES

CHAPTER V
DEATH OF THE EMPEROR

CHAPTER VI
ACCESSION OF VALENTINIAN.—VALENS HIS BROTHER ASSOCIATED WITH HIM IN THE GOVERNMENT

CHAPTER VII
ORDINATION OF AMBROSE TO THE CHURCH OF MILAN

CHAPTER VIII
LETTER FROM THE EMPERORS VALENTINIAN AND VALENS, ADDRESSED TO THE DIOCESES OF ASIA RESPECTING CONSUBSTANTIALITY

CHAPTER IX
EPISTLE OF THE COUNCIL CONVENED IN ILLYRIA RESPECTING THE FAITH

CHAPTER X
HERESY OF THE AUDIANS

CHAPTER XI
HERESY OF THE MESSALIANS

CHAPTER XII
THE MODE IN WHICH VALENS WAS SEDUCED INTO HERESY

CHAPTER XIII
EXILE OF SOME BISHOPS OF EXTRAORDINARY VIRTUE

CHAPTER XIV
ACCOUNT OF EUSEBIUS, BISHOP OF SAMOSATA

CHAPTER XV
PIOUS ZEAL OF THE INHABITANTS OF SAMOSATA

CHAPTER XVI
BANISHMENT OF THE HOLY BARSES, BISHOP OF EDESSA.—SOME OF THE CLERGY EXILED WITH HIM

CHAPTER XVII
PERSECUTION EXCITED AT EDESSA

CHAPTER XVIII
EXILE OF EULOGIUS AND PROTOGENES, PRESBYTERS OF EDESSA

CHAPTER XIX
ST. BASIL, BISHOP OF CÆSAREA.—THE PERSECUTIONS RAISED AGAINST HIM BY VALENS AND THE PREFECT MODESTUS

CHAPTER XX
DEATH OF ST. ATHANASIUS, AND ORDINATION OF PETER

CHAPTER XXI
EXPULSION OF PETER.—INSTALMENT OF LUCIUS, AN ARIAN

CHAPTER XXII
EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM PETER, BISHOP OF ALEXANDRIA, CONTAINING A RELATION OF THE CRIMES COMMITTED BY LUCIUS IN ALEXANDRIA

CHAPTER XXIII
MAVIA, QUEEN OF THE SARACENS.—ORDINATION OF MOSES, A MONK

CHAPTER XXIV
CRIMES PERPETRATED AT CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER XXV
THE ORTHODOX CHURCH IN ANTIOCH DEFENDED BY FLAVIAN AND DIODORUS

CHAPTER XXVI
APHRAATES THE HOLY MONK

CHAPTER XXVII
ST. JULIAN AND ANTHONY THE GREAT

CHAPTER XXVIII
ACCOUNT OF THE OTHER CELEBRATED MONKS OF THIS PERIOD

CHAPTER XXIX
DIDYMUS OF ALEXANDRIA, AND EPHRAIM OF SYRIA

CHAPTER XXX
CELEBRATED BISHOPS OF PONTUS AND OF ASIA, WHO FLOURISHED DURING THIS PERIOD

CHAPTER XXXI
LETTER WRITTEN ON WAR BY VALENS TO VALENTINIAN, AND THE REPLY OF THE LATTER

CHAPTER XXXII
PIETY OF TERENTIUS

CHAPTER XXXIII
BOLDNESS OF TRAJAN, A MILITARY CHIEF

CHAPTER XXXIV
PREDICTION OF ISAAC, A HERMIT OF CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER XXXV
BOLDNESS OF VETRANION, BISHOP OF SCYTHIA

CHAPTER XXXVI
EXPEDITION OF VALENS AGAINST THE GOTHS.—THE PENALTY OF HIS IMPIETY

CHAPTER XXXVII
THE GOTHS SEDUCED INTO THE ARIAN HERESY

THE HISTORY—BOOK V

CHAPTER I
PIETY OF THE EMPEROR GRATIAN

CHAPTER II
RETURN OF THE BISHOPS

CHAPTER III
CONTENTION OF PAULINUS.—NEW DOCTRINES INTRODUCED BY APOLLINARIS.—WISDOM AND PIETY OF MELITIUS

CHAPTER IV
EUSEBIUS, BISHOP OF SAMOSATA

CHAPTER V
VICTORY OF THE GENERAL THEODOSIUS

CHAPTER VI
DREAMS OF THEODOSIUS

CHAPTER VII
CELEBRATED BISHOPS OF THE ARIAN FACTION

CHAPTER VIII
COUNCIL OF CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER IX
SYNODICAL LETTER INDITED BY THE COUNCIL OF CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER X
LETTER OF DAMASIS, BISHOP OF ROME, AGAINST APOLLINARIS AND TIMOTHY

CHAPTER XI
SECOND SYNODICAL LETTER WRITTEN BY DAMASIS AGAINST VARIOUS HERESIES

CHAPTER XII
DEATH OF GRATIAN.—TYRANNY OF MAXIMUS

CHAPTER XIII
PLOT FORMED BY JUSTINA, THE WIFE OF VALENTINIAN, AGAINST AMBROSE

CHAPTER XIV
COMMUNICATION BETWEEN MAXIMUS THE EMPEROR AND VALENTINIAN THE YOUNGER

CHAPTER XV
OPINIONS EXPRESSED IN WRITING BY THE EMPEROR THEODOSIUS UPON THESE OCCURRENCES

CHAPTER XVI
AMPHILOCHIUS, BISHOP OF ICONIUM

CHAPTER XVII
MASSACRE AT THESSALONICA

CHAPTER XVIII
FIDELITY OF THE BISHOP AMBROSE.—PIETY OF THE EMPEROR

CHAPTER XIX
THE EMPRESS FLACILLA

CHAPTER XX
SEDITION IN THE CITY OF ANTIOCH

CHAPTER XXI
DEMOLITION OF IDOLATROUS TEMPLES THROUGHOUT THE WORLD

CHAPTER XXII
THEOPHILUS, BISHOP OF ALEXANDRIA.—THE IDOLATROUS TEMPLE AND STATUES DESTROYED IN THAT CITY

CHAPTER XXIII
DISPUTE BETWEEN FLAVIAN, BISHOP OF ANTIOCH, AND THE BISHOPS OF THE WEST, CONCERNING PAULINUS (A.D. 381)

CHAPTER XXIV
TYRANNY OF EUGENIUS, AND THE VICTORY THE EMPEROR THEODOSIUS OBTAINED BY FAITH

CHAPTER XXV
DEATH OF THE EMPEROR THEODOSIUS

CHAPTER XXVI
HONORIUS THE EMPEROR, AND THE MONK TELEMACHUS

CHAPTER XXVII
PIETY OF THE EMPEROR ARCADIUS.—ORDINATION OF ST. JOHN CHRYSOSTOM

CHAPTER XXVIII
BOLDNESS OF THE BISHOP JOHN IN THE CAUSE OF GOD

CHAPTER XXIX
IDOLATROUS TEMPLES DESTROYED BY JOHN, IN PHENŒCIA

CHAPTER XXX
THE CHURCH OF THE GOTHS

CHAPTER XXXI
THE BENEVOLENCE OF JOHN TOWARDS THE SCYTHIANS.—ZEAL MANIFESTED BY HIM AGAINST MARCION

CHAPTER XXXII
PETITION OF GAÏNAS AND REPLY OF JOHN CHRYSOSTOM

CHAPTER XXXIII
CHRYSOSTOM REPAIRS AS AN AMBASSADOR TO GAÏNAS

CHAPTER XXXIV
PERSECUTION AGAINST JOHN, BISHOP OF CONSTANTINOPLE

CHAPTER XXXV
CYRIL, BISHOP OF ALEXANDRIA, AND ALEXANDER, BISHOP OF ANTIOCH

CHAPTER XXXVI
REPENTANCE OF THOSE WHO HAD PERSECUTED THE BISHOP JOHN, AND THE REMOVAL OF HIS REMAINS

CHAPTER XXXVII
FAITH OF THEODOSIUS THE YOUNGER, AND OF HIS SISTERS

CHAPTER XXXVIII
THEODOTUS BISHOP OF ANTIOCH

CHAPTER XXXIX
THE PERSECUTION IN PERSIA, AND THE MARTYRDOMS WHICH TOOK PLACE

CHAPTER XL
THEODORE, BISHOP OF MOPSUESTIA

LIST OF THE BISHOPS OF THE GREAT CITIES








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