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Fathers Of The Church
Catholic Edition

Socrates and Sozomenus Ecclesiastical Histories

SOCRATES AND SOZOMENUS ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORIES CREATOR(S): SOCRATES SCHOLASTICUS

NICENE AND POST-NICENE CHURCH FATHERS: SECOND SERIES: VOLUME II. SOCRATES & SOZOMENUS. ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORIES.

A SELECT LIBRARY OF THE NICENE AND POST-NICENE FATHERS OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH.




The Ecclesiastical History Of Socrates Scholasticus

The Ecclesiastical History Of Sozomen






The Ecclesiastical History Of Socrates Scholasticus

Life of Socrates

Socrates’ Ecclesiastical History

The Ecclesiastical History, By Socrates Scholasticus

Book I

Chapter I
Introduction to the Work

Chapter II
By what Means the Emperor Constantine became a Christian

Chapter III
While Constantine favors the Christians, Licinius, his Colleague, persecutes them

Chapter IV
War arises between Constantine and Licinius on Account of the Christians

Chapter V
The Dispute of Arius with Alexander, his Bishop

Chapter VI
Division begins in the Church from this Controversy; and Alexander Bishop of Alexandria excommunicates Arius and his Adherents

Chapter VII
The Emperor Constantine being grieved at the Disturbance of the Churches, sends Hosius the Spaniard to Alexandria, exhorting the Bishop and Arius to Reconciliation and Unity

Chapter VIII
Of the Synod which was held at Nicaea in Bithynia, and the Creed there put forth

Chapter IX
The Letter of the Synod, relative to its Decisions: and the Condemnation of Arius and those who agreed with him

Chapter X
The Emperor also summons to the Synod Acesius, Bishop of the Novatians

Chapter XI
Of the Bishop Paphnutius

Chapter XII
Of Spyridon, Bishop of the Cypriots

Chapter XIII
Of Eutychian the Monk

Chapter XIV
Eusebius Bishop of Nicomedia, and Theognis Bishop of Nicaea, who had been banished for agreeing in Opinion with Arius, having published their Recantation, and assented to the Creed, are reinstated in their Sees

Chapter XV
After the Synod, on the Death of Alexander, Athanasius is constituted Bishop of Alexandria

Chapter XVI
The Emperor Constantine having enlarged the Ancient Byzantium, calls it Constantinople

Chapter XVII
The Emperor’s Mother Helena having come to Jerusalem, searches for and finds the Cross of Christ, and builds a Church

Chapter XVIII
The Emperor Constantine abolishes Paganism and erects many Churches in Different Places

Chapter XIX
In what Manner the Nations in the Interior of India were Christianized in the Times of Constantine

Chapter XX
In what Manner the Iberians were converted to Christianity

Chapter XXI
Of Anthony the Monk

Chapter XXII
Manes, the Founder of the Manichaean Heresy, and on his Origin

Chapter XXIII
Eusebius Bishop of Nicomedia, and Theognis Bishop of Nicaea, having recovered Confidence, endeavor to subvert the Nicene Creed, by plotting against Athanasius

Chapter XXIV
Of the Synod held at Antioch, which deposed Eustathius, Bishop of Antioch, on whose account a Sedition broke out and almost ruined the City

Chapter XXV
Of the Presbyter who exerted himself for the Recall of Arius

Chapter XXVI
Arius, on being recalled, presents a Recantation to the Emperor, and pretends to accept the Nicene Creed

Chapter XXVII
Arius having returned to Alexandria with the Emperor’s Consent, and not being received by Athanasius, the Partisans of Eusebius bring Many Charges against Athanasius before the Emperor

Chapter XXVIII
On Account of the Charges against Athanasius, the Emperor convokes a Synod of Bishops at Tyre

Chapter XXIX
Of Arsenius, and his Hand which was said to have been cut off

Chapter XXX
Athanasius is found Innocent of what he was accused; his Accusers take to Flight

Chapter XXXI
When the Bishops will not listen to Athanasius’ Defense on the Second Charge, he betakes himself to the Emperor

Chapter XXXII
On the Departure of Athanasius, those who composed the Synod vote his Deposition

Chapter XXXIII
The Members of the Synod proceed from Tyre to Jerusalem, and having celebrated the Dedication of the New Jerusalem,’ receive Arius and his Followers into Communion

Chapter XXXIV
The Emperor summons the Synod to himself by Letter, in order that the Charges against Athanasius might be carefully examined before him

Chapter XXXV
The Synod not having come to the Emperor, the Partisans of Eusebius accuse Athanasius of having threatened to divert the Corn supplied to Constantinople from Alexandria: the Emperor being exasperated at this banishes Athanasius into Gaul

Chapter XXXVI
Of Marcellus Bishop of Ancyra, and Asterius the Sophist

Chapter XXXVII
After the Banishment of Athanasius, Arius having been sent for by the Emperor, raises a Disturbance against Alexander Bishop of Constantinople

Chapter XXXVIII
The Death of Arius

Chapter XXXIX
The Emperor falls sick and dies

Chapter XL
The Funeral of the Emperor Constantine

Book II

Chapter I
Introduction containing the Reason for the Author’s Revision of his First and Second Books

Chapter II
Eusebius, Bishop of Nicomedia, and his Party, by again endeavoring to introduce the Arian Heresy, create Disturbances in the Churches

Chapter III
Athanasius, encouraged by the Letter of Constantine the Younger, returns to Alexandria

Chapter IV
On the Death of Eusebius Pamphilus, Acacius succeeds to the Bishopric of Caesarea

Chapter V
The Death of Constantine the Younger

Chapter VI
Alexander, Bishop of Constantinople, when at the Point of Death proposes the Election either of Paul or of Macedonius as his Successor

Chapter VII
The Emperor Constantius ejects Paul after his Election to the Bishopric, and sending for Eusebius of Nicomedia, invests him with the Bishopric of Constantinople

Chapter VIII
Eusebius having convened Another Synod at Antioch in Syria, causes a New Creed to be promulgated

Chapter IX
Of Eusebius of Emisa

Chapter X
The Bishops assembled at Antioch, on the Refusal of Eusebius of Emisa to accept the Bishopric of Alexandria, ordain Gregory, and change the Language of the Nicene Creed

Chapter XI
On the Arrival of Gregory at Alexandria, tended by a Military Escort, Athanasius flees

Chapter XII
The People of Constantinople restore Paul to his See after the Death of Eusebius, while the Arians elect Macedonius

Chapter XIII
Paul is again ejected from the Church by Constantius, in consequence of the Slaughter of Hermogenes, his General

Chapter XIV
The Arians remove Gregory from the See of Alexandria, and appoint George in his Place

Chapter XV
Athanasius and Paul going to Rome, and having obtained Letters from Bishop Julius, recover their respective Dioceses

Chapter XVI
The Emperor Constantius, through an Order to Philip the Praetorian Prefect, secures the Exile of Paul, and the Installation of Macedonius in his See

Chapter XVII
Athanasius, intimidated by the Emperor’s Threats, returns to Rome again

Chapter XVIII
The Emperor of the West requests his Brother to send him Three Persons who could give an Account of the Deposition of Athanasius and Paul. Those who are sent publish Another Form of the Creed

Chapter XIX
Of the Creed sent by the Eastern Bishops to those in Italy, called the Lengthy Creed

Chapter XX
Of the Council at Sardica

Chapter XXI
Defense of Eusebius Pamphilus

Chapter XXII
The Council of Sardica restores Paul and Athanasius to their Sees; and on the Eastern Emperor’s Refusal to admit them, the Emperor of the West threatens him with War

Chapter XXIII
Constantius, being Afraid of his Brother’s Threats, recalls Athanasius by Letter, and sends him to Alexandria

Chapter XXIV
Athanasius, passing through Jerusalem on his Return to Alexandria, is received into Communion by Maximus: and a Synod of Bishops, convened in that City, confirms the Nicene Creed

Chapter XXV
Of the Usurpers Magnentius and Vetranio

Chapter XXVI
After the Death of Constans, the Western Emperor, Paul and Athanasius are again ejected from their Sees: the Former on his Way into Exile is slain; but the Latter escapes by Flight

Chapter XXVII
Macedonius having possessed himself of the See of Constantinople inflicts much Injury on those who differ from him

Chapter XXVIII
Athanasius’ Account of the Deeds of Violence committed at Alexandria by George the Arian

Chapter XXIX
Of the Heresiarch Photinus

Chapter XXX
Creeds published at Sirmium in Presence of the Emperor Constantius

Chapter XXXI
Of Hosius, Bishop of Cordova

Chapter XXXII
Overthrow of the Usurper Magnentius

Chapter XXXIII
Of the Jews inhabiting Dio-Caesarea in Palestine

Chapter XXXIV
Of Gallus Caesar

Chapter XXXV
Of Aetius the Syrian, Teacher of Eunomius

Chapter XXXVI
Of the Synod at Milan

Chapter XXXVII
Of the Synod at Ariminum, and the Creed there published

Chapter XXXVIII
Cruelty of Macedonius, and Tumults raised by him

Chapter XXXIX
Of the Synod at Seleucia, in Isauria

Chapter XL
Acacius, Bishop of Caesarea, dictates a new Form of Creed in the Synod at Seleucia

Chapter XLI
On the Emperor’s Return from the West, the Acacians assemble at Constantinople, and confirm the Creed of Ariminum, after making Some Additions to it

Chapter XLII
On the Deposition of Macedonius, Eudoxius obtains the Bishopric of Constantinople

Chapter XLIII
Of Eustathius Bishop of Sebastia

Chapter XLIV
Of Meletius Bishop of Antioch

Chapter XLV
The Heresy of Macedonius

Chapter XLVI
Of the Apollinarians, and their Heresy

Chapter XLVII
Successes of Julian; Death of the Emperor Constantius

Book III

Chapter I
Of Julian; his Lineage and Education; his Elevation to the Throne; his Apostasy to Paganism

Chapter II
Of the Sedition excited at Alexandria, and how George was slain

Chapter III
The Emperor Indignant at the Murder of George, rebukes the Alexandrians by Letter

Chapter IV
On the Death of George, Athanasius returns to Alexandria, and takes Possession of his See

Chapter V
Of Lucifer and Eusebius

Chapter VI
Lucifer goes to Antioch and consecrates Paulinus

Chapter VII
By the Co-operation of Eusebius and Athanasius a Synod is held at Alexandria, wherein the Trinity is declared to be Consubstantial

Chapter VIII
Quotations from Athanasius’ Defense of his Flight.’

Chapter IX
After the Synod of Alexandria, Eusebius proceeding to Antioch finds the Catholics at Variance on Account of Paulinus’ Consecration; and having exerted himself in vain to reconcile them, he departs; Indignation of Lucifer and Origin of a Sect called after him

Chapter X
Of Hilary Bishop of Poictiers

Chapter XI
The Emperor Julian extracts Money from the Christians

Chapter XII
Of Maris Bishop of Chalcedon; Julian forbids Christians from entering Literary Pursuits

Chapter XIII
Of the Outrages committed by the Pagans against the Christians

Chapter XIV
Flight of Athanasius

Chapter XV
Martyrs at Merum in Phrygia, under Julian

Chapter XVI
Of the Literary Labors of the Two Apollinares and the Emperor’s Prohibition of Christians being instructed in Greek Literature

Chapter XVII
The Emperor preparing an Expedition against the Persians, arrives at Antioch, and being ridiculed by the Inhabitants, he retorts on them by a Satirical Publication entitled Misopogon, or the Beard-Hater.’

Chapter XVIII
The Emperor consulting an Oracle, the Demon gives no Response, being awed by the Nearness of Babylas the Martyr

Chapter XIX
Wrath of the Emperor, and Firmness of Theodore the Confessor

Chapter XX
The Jews instigated by the Emperor attempt to rebuild their Temple, and are frustrated in their Attempt by Miraculous Interposition

Chapter XXI
The Emperor’s Invasion of Persia, and Death

Chapter XXII
Jovian is proclaimed Emperor

Chapter XXIII
Refutation of what Libanius the Sophist said concerning Julian

Chapter XXIV
The Bishops flock around Jovian, each attempting to draw him to his own Creed

Chapter XXV
The Macedonians and Acacians meet at Antioch, and proclaim their Assent to the Nicene Creed

Chapter XXVI
Death of the Emperor Jovian

Book IV

Chapter I
After Jovian’s Death, Valentinian is proclaimed Emperor, and takes his Brother Valens as Colleague in the Empire; Valentinian holds the Orthodox Faith, but Valens is an Arian

Chapter II
Valentinian goes into the West; Valens remains at Constantinople, and grants the Request of the Macedonians to hold a Synod, but persecutes the Adherents of the Homoousion.’

Chapter III
While Valens persecutes the Orthodox Christians in the East, a Usurper arises at Constantinople named Procopius: and at the Same Time an Earthquake and Inundation take Place and injure Several Cities

Chapter IV
The Macedonians hold a Synod at Lampsacus, during a Period of Both Secular and Ecclesiastical Agitation; and after confirming the Antiochian Creed, and anathematizing that promulgated at Ariminum, they again ratify the Deposition of Acacius and Eudoxius

Chapter V
Engagement between Valens and Procopius near Nacolia in Phrygia; after which the Usurper is betrayed by his Chief Officers, and with them put to Death

Chapter VI
After the Death of Procopius Valens constrains those who composed the Synod, and All Christians, to profess Arianism

Chapter VII
Eunomius supersedes Eleusius the Macedonian in the See of Cyzicus, His Origin and Imitation of Aetius, whose Amanuensis he had been

Chapter VIII
Of the Oracle found inscribed an a Stone, when the Walls of Chalcedon were demolished by Order of the Emperor Valens

Chapter IX
Valens persecutes the Novatians, because they accepted the Orthodox Faith

Chapter X
Birth of Valentinian the Younger

Chapter XI
Hail of Extraordinary Size; and Earthquakes in Bithynia and the Hellespont

Chapter XII
The Macedonians, pressed by the Emperor’s Violence toward them, send a Deputation to Liberius Bishop of Rome, and subscribe the Nicene Creed

Chapter XIII
Eunomius separates from Eudoxius; a Disturbance is raised at Alexandria by Eudoxius, and Athanasius flees into Voluntary Exile again, but in Consequence of the Clamors of the People the Emperor recalls and re-establishes him in his See

Chapter XIV
The Arians ordain Demophilus after the Death of Eudoxius at Constantinople; but the Orthodox Party constitute Evagrius his Successor

Chapter XV
The Emperor banishes Evagrius and Eustathius. The Arians persecute the Orthodox

Chapter XVI
Certain Presbyters burnt in a Ship by Order of Valens. Famine in Phrygia

Chapter XVII
The Emperor Valens, while at Antioch, again persecutes the Adherents of the Homoousion.’

Chapter XVIII
Events at Edessa: Constancy of the Devout Citizens, and Courage of a Pious Woman

Chapter XIX
Slaughter of Many Persons by Valens an Account of their Names, in Consequence of a Heathen Prediction

Chapter XX
Death of Athanasius, and Elevation of Peter to His See

Chapter XXI
The Arians are allowed by the Emperor to imprison Peter and to set Lucius over the See of Alexandria

Chapter XXII
Silence of Sabinus on the Misdeeds of the Arians; Flight of Peter to Rome; Massacre of the Solitaries at the Instigation of the Arians

Chapter XXIII
The Deeds of Some Holy Persons who devoted themselves to a Solitary Life

Chapter XXIV
Assault upon the Monks, and Banishment of their Superiors, who exhibit Miraculous Power

Chapter XXV
Of Didymus the Blind Man

Chapter XXVI
Of Basil of Caesarea, and Gregory of Nazianzus

Chapter XXVII
Of Gregory Thaumaturgus (the Wonder-Worker)

Chapter XXVIII
Of Novatus and his Followers. The Novatians of Phrygia alter the Time of keeping Easter, following Jewish Usage

Chapter XXIX
Damasus ordained Bishop of Rome. Sedition and Loss of Life caused by the Rivalry of Ursinus

Chapter XXX
Dissension about a Successor to Auxentius, Bishop of Milan. Ambrose, Governor of the Province, going to appease the Tumult, is by General Consent and with the Approval of the Emperor Valentinian elected to the Bishopric of that Church

Chapter XXXI
Death of Valentinian

Chapter XXXII
The Emperor Valens, appeased by the Oration of Themistius the Philosopher, abates his Persecution of the Christians

Chapter XXXIII
The Goths, under the Reign of Valens, embrace Christianity

Chapter XXXIV
Admission of the Fugitive Goths into the Roman Territories, which caused the Emperor’s Overthrow, and eventually the Ruin of the Roman Empire

Chapter XXXV
Abatement of Persecution against the Christians because of the War with the Goths

Chapter XXXVI
The Saracens, under Mavia their Queen, embrace Christianity; and Moses, a Pious Monk, is consecrated their Bishop

Chapter XXXVII
After the Departure of Valens from Antioch, the Alexandrians expel Lucius, and restore Peter, who had come with Letters from Damasus Bishop of Rome

Chapter XXXVIII
The Emperor Valens is ridiculed by the People on Account of the Goths; undertakes an Expedition against them and is slain in an Engagement near Adrianople

Book V

Introduction

Chapter I
After the Death of Valens the Goths again attack Constantinople, and are repulsed by the Citizens, aided by Some Saracen Auxiliaries

Chapter II
The Emperor Gratian recalls the Orthodox Bishops, and expels the Heretics from the Churches. He takes Theodosius as his Colleague in the Empire

Chapter III
The Principal Bishops who flourished at that Time

Chapter IV
The Macedonians, who had subscribed the Homoousian’ Doctrine, return to their Former Error

Chapter V
Events at Antioch in Connection with Paulinus and Meletius

Chapter VI
Gregory of Nazianzus is transferred to the See of Constantinople. The Emperor Theodosius falling Sick at Thessalonica, after his Victory over the Barbarians, is there baptized by Ascholius the Bishop

Chapter VII
Gregory, finding Some Dissatisfaction about his Appointment, abdicates the Episcopate of Constantinople. The Emperor orders Demophilus the Arian Bishop either to assent to the Homoousion,’ or leave the City. He chooses the Latter

Chapter VIII
A Synod consisting of One Hundred and Fifty Bishops meets at Constantinople. The Decrees passed. Ordination of Nectarius

Chapter IX
The Body of Paul, Bishop of Constantinople, is honorably transferred from his Place of Exile. Death of Meletius

Chapter X
The Emperor orders a Convention composed of All the Various Sects. Arcadius is proclaimed Augustus. The Novatians permitted to hold their Assemblies in the City of Constantinople: Other Heretics driven out

Chapter XI
The Emperor Gratian is slain by the Treachery of the Usurper Maximus. From Fear of him Justina ceases persecuting Ambrose

Chapter XII
While the Emperor Theodosius is engaged in Military Preparations against Maximus, his Son Honorius is born. He then proceeds to Milan in Order to encounter the Usurper

Chapter XIII
The Arians excite a Tumult at Constantinople

Chapter XIV
Overthrow and Death of the Usurper Maximus

Chapter XV
Of Flavian Bishop of Antioch

Chapter XVI
Demolition of the Idolatrous Temples at Alexandria, and the Consequent Conflict between the Pagans and Christians

Chapter XVII
Of the Hieroglyphics found in the Temple of Serapis

Chapter XVIII
Reformation of Abuses at Rome by the Emperor Theodosius

Chapter XIX
Of the Office of Penitentiary Presbyters and its Abolition

Chapter XX
Divisions among the Arians and Other Heretics

Chapter XXI
Peculiar Schism among the Novatians

Chapter XXII
The Author’s Views respecting the Celebration of Easter, Baptism, Fasting, Marriage, the Eucharist, and Other Ecclesiastical Rites

Chapter XXIII
Further Dissensions among the Arians at Constantinople. The Psathyrians

Chapter XXIV
The Eunomians divide into Several Factions

Chapter XXV
The Usurper Eugenius compasses the Death of Valentinian the Younger. Theodosius obtains a Victory over him

Chapter XXVI
Illness and Death of Theodosius the Elder

Book VI

Introduction

Chapter I
On the Death of Theodosius his Two Sons divide the Empire. Rufinus is slain at the Feet of Arcadius

Chapter II
Death of Nectarius and Ordination of John

Chapter III
Birth and Education of John Bishop of Constantinople

Chapter IV
Of Serapion the Deacon on whose Account John becomes Odious to his Clergy

Chapter V
John draws down upon Himself the Displeasure of Many Persons of Rank and Power. Of the Eunuch Eutropius

Chapter VI
Gainas the Goth attempts to usurp the Sovereign Power; after filling Constantinople with Disorder, he is slain

Chapter VII
Dissension between Theophilus Bishop of Alexandria and the Monks of the Desert. Condemnation of Origen’s Books

Chapter VIII
The Arians and the Supporters of the Homoousion’ hold Nocturnal Assemblies and sing Antiphonal Hymns, a Species of Composition ascribed to Ignatius, surnamed Theophorus. Conflict between the Two Parties

Chapter IX
Dispute between Theophilus and Peter leading to an Attempt on the Part of the Former to depose John Bishop of Constantinople

Chapter X
Epiphanius Bishop of Cyprus convenes a Synod to condemn the Books of Origen

Chapter XI
Of Severian and Antiochus: their Disagreement from John

Chapter XII
Epiphanius, in order to gratify Theophilus, performs Ordinations at Constantinople without John’s Permission

Chapter XIII
The Author’s Defence of Origen

Chapter XIV
Epiphanius is asked to meet John; on refusing he is admonished concerning his Anticanonical Proceedings; alarmed at this he leaves Constantinople

Chapter XV
John is expelled from his Church by a Synod held at Chalcedon on account of his Dispraise of Women

Chapter XVI
Sedition on Account of John Chrysostom’s Banishment. He is recalled

Chapter XVII
Conflict between the Constantinopolitans and Alexandrians on Account of Heraclides; Flight of Theophilus and the Bishops of his Party

Chapter XVIII
Of Eudoxia’s Silver Statue. On account of it John is exiled a Second Time

Chapter XIX
Ordination of Arsacius as John’s Successor. Indisposition of Cyrinus Bishop of Chalcedon

Chapter XX
Death of Arsacius, and Ordination of Atticus

Chapter XXI
John dies in Exile

Chapter XXII
Of Sisinnius Bishop of the Novatians. His Readiness at Repartee

Chapter XXIII
Death of the Emperor Arcadius

Book VII

Chapter I
Anthemius the Praetorian Prefect administers the Government of the East in Behalf of Young Theodosius

Chapter II
Character and Conduct of Atticus Bishop of Constantinople

Chapter III
Of Theodosius and Agapetus Bishops of Synada

Chapter IV
A Paralytic Jew healed by Atticus in Baptism

Chapter V
The Presbyter Sabbatius, formerly a Jew, separates from the Novatians

Chapter VI
The Leaders of Arianism at this Time

Chapter VII
Cyril succeeds Theophilus Bishop of Alexandria

Chapter VIII
Propagation of Christianity among the Persians by Maruthas Bishop of Mesopotamia

Chapter IX
The Bishops of Antioch and Rome

Chapter X
Rome taken and sacked by Alaric

Chapter XI
The Bishops of Rome

Chapter XII
Of Chrysanthus Bishop of the Novatians at Constantinople

Chapter XIII
Conflict between the Christians and Jews at Alexandria: and breach between the Bishop Cyril and the Prefect Orestes

Chapter XIV
The Monks of Nitria come down and raise a Sedition against the Prefect of Alexandria

Chapter XV
Of Hypatia the Female Philosopher

Chapter XVI
The Jews commit Another Outrage upon the Christians and are punished

Chapter XVII
Miracle performed by Paul Bishop of the Novatians at the Baptism of a Jewish Impostor

Chapter XVIII
Renewal of Hostilities between the Romans and Persians after the Death of Isdigerdes King of the Persians

Chapter XIX
Of Palladius the Courier

Chapter XX
A Second Overthrow of the Persians by the Romans

Chapter XXI
Kind Treatment of the Persian Captives by Acacius Bishop of Amida

Chapter XXII
Virtues of the Emperor Theodosius the Younger

Chapter XXIII
After the Death of the Emperor Honorius John usurps the Sovereignty at Rome. He is destroyed through the Prayers of Theodosius the Younger

Chapter XXIV
Valentinian a Son of Constantius and Placidia, Aunt of Theodosius, is proclaimed Emperor

Chapter XXV
Christian Benevolence of Atticus Bishop of Constantinople. He registers John’s Name in the Diptychs. His Fore-knowledge of his Own Death

Chapter XXVI
Sisinnius is chosen to succeed Atticus

Chapter XXVII
Voluminous Productions of Philip, a Presbyter of Side

Chapter XXVIII
Proclus ordained Bishop of Cyzicus by Sisinnius, but rejected by the People

Chapter XXIX
Nestorius of Antioch promoted to the See of Constantinople. His Persecution of the Heretics

Chapter XXX
The Burgundians embrace Christianity under Theodosius the Younger

Chapter XXXI
Nestorius harasses the Macedonians

Chapter XXXII
Of the Presbyter Anastasius, by whom the Faith of Nestorius was perverted

Chapter XXXIII
Desecration of the Altar of the Great Church by Runaway Slaves

Chapter XXXIV
Synod at Ephesus against Nestorius. His Deposition

Chapter XXXV
Maximian elected to the Episcopate of Constantinople, though Some wished Proclus to take that Place

Chapter XXXVI
The Author’s Opinion of the Validity of Translations from One See to Another

Chapter XXXVII
Miracle performed by Silvanus Bishop of Troas formerly of Philippopolis

Chapter XXXVIII
Many of the Jews in Crete embrace the Christian Faith

Chapter XXXIX
Preservation of the Church of the Novatians from Fire

Chapter XL
Proclus succeeds Maximian Bishop of Constantinople

Chapter XLI
Excellent Qualities of Proclus

Chapter XLII
Panegyric of the Emperor Theodosius Younger

Chapter XLIII
Calamities of the Barbarians who had been the Usurper John’s Allies

Chapter XLIV
Marriage of the Emperor Valentinian with Eudoxia the Daughter of Theodosius

Chapter XLV
The Body of John Chrysostom transferred to Constantinople, and placed in the Church of the Apostles by the Emperor at the Instigation of Proclus

Chapter XLVI
Death of Paul Bishop of the Novatians, and Election of Marcian as his Successor

Chapter XLVII
The Empress Eudocia goes to Jerusalem; sent there by the Emperor Theodosius

Chapter XLVIII
Thalassius is ordained Bishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia

The Ecclesiastical History Of Sozomen

Introduction

Part I
The Life

Part II
Sozomen as Author

Part III
Conclusion

Prefatory Remarks, By Valesius, Concerning The Life And Writings Of Sozomen

The Ecclesiastical History, Of Salaminius Hermias Sozomenus

Book I

Chapter I
The Preface of the Book, in which he investigates the History of the Jewish Nation; Mention of those who began such a Work; how and from what Sources he collected his History; how he was intent upon the Truth, and what other Details the History will contain

Chapter II
Of the Bishops of the Large Towns in the Reign of Constantine; and how, from fear of Licinius, Christianity was professed cautiously in the East as far as Libya, while in the West, through the Favor of Constantine, it was professed with Freedom

Chapter III
By the Vision of the Cross, and by the Appearance of Christ, Constantine is led to embrace Christianity
He receives Religious Instruction from our Brethren

Chapter IV
Constantine commands the Sign of the Cross to be carried before him in Battle; an Extraordinary Narrative about the Bearers of the Sign of the Cross

Chapter V
Refutation of the Assertion that Constantine became a Christian in consequence of the Murder of his son Crispus

Chapter VI
The Father of Constantine allows the Name of Christ to be Extended; Constantine the Great prepared it to Penetrate Everywhere

Chapter VII
Concerning the Dispute between Constantine and Licinius his Brother-In-Law about the Christians, and how Licinius was conquered by Force and put to Death

Chapter VIII
List of the Benefits which Constantine conferred in the Freedom of the Christians and Building of Churches; and other Deeds for the Public Welfare

Chapter IX
Constantine enacts a Law in favor of Celibates and of the Clergy

Chapter X
Concerning the Great Confessors who survived

Chapter XI
Account of St. Spyridon: His Modesty and Steadfastness

Chapter XII
On the Organization of the Monks: its Origin and Founders

Chapter XIII
About Antony the Great and St. Paul the Simple

Chapter XIV
Account of St. Ammon and Eutychius of Olympus

Chapter XV
The Arian Heresy, its Origin, its Progress, and the Contention which it occasioned among the Bishops

Chapter XVI
Constantine, having heard of the Strife of the Bishops, and the Difference of Opinion concerning the Passover, is greatly troubled and sends Hosius, a Spaniard, Bishop of Cordova, to Alexandria, to abolish the Dissension among the Bishops, and to settle the Dispute about the Passover

Chapter XVII
Of the Council convened at Nicaea on Account of Arius

Chapter XVIII
Two Philosophers are converted to the Faith by the Simplicity of Two Old Men with whom they hold a Disputation

Chapter XIX
When the Council was assembled, the Emperor delivered a Public Address

Chapter XX
After having given Audience to both Parties, the Emperor condemned the Followers of Arius and banished them

Chapter XXI
What the Council determined about Arius; the Condemnation of his Followers; his Writings are to be burnt; certain of the High Priests differ from the Council; the Settlement of the Passover

Chapter XXII
Acesius, Bishop of the Novatians, is summoned by the Emperor to be present at the First Council

Chapter XXIII
Canons appointed by the Council; Paphnutius, a certain Confessor, restrains the Council from forming a Canon enjoining Celibacy to all who were about to be honored with the Priesthood

Chapter XXIV
Concerning Melitius; the Excellent Directions made by the Holy Council in his Complications

Chapter XXV
The Emperor prepared a Public Table for the Synod, after inviting its Members to Constantinople, and honoring them with Gifts, he exhorted all to be of One Mind, and forwarded to Alexandria and every other place the Decrees of the Holy Synod

Book II

Chapter I
The Discovery of the Life-Bringing Cross and of the Holy Nails

Chapter II
Concerning Helena, the Mother of the Emperor; she visited Jerusalem, built Temples in that City, and performed other Godly Works: Her Death

Chapter III
Temples built by Constantine the Great; the City called by his Name; its Founding; the Buildings within it; the Temple of Michael the Archsoldier, in the Sosthenium, and the Miracles which have occurred there

Chapter IV
What Constantine the Great effected about the Oak in Mamre; he also built a Temple

Chapter V
Constantine destroyed the Places dedicated to the Idols, and persuaded the People to prefer Christianity

Chapter VI
The Reason why under Constantine, the Name of Christ was spread throughout the Whole World

Chapter VII
How the Iberians received the Faith of Christ

Chapter VIII
How the Armenians and Persians embraced Christianity

Chapter IX
Sapor King of Persia is Excited against the Christians. Symeon, Bishop of Persia, and Usthazanes, a Eunuch, Suffer the Agony of Martyrdom

Chapter X
Christians slain by Sapor in Persia

Chapter XI
Pusices, Superintendent of the Artisans of Sapor

Chapter XII
Tarbula, the Sister of Symeon, and her Martyrdom

Chapter XIII
Martyrdom of St. Acepsimas and of his Companions

Chapter XIV
The Martyrdom of Bishop Milles and his Conduct. Sixteen Thousand Distinguished Men in Persia suffer Martyrdom under Sapor, besides Obscure Individuals

Chapter XV
Constantine writes to Sapor to stay the Persecution of the Christians

Chapter XVI
Eusebius and Theognis who at the Council of Nice had assented to the Writings of Arius restored to their own Sees

Chapter XVII
On the Death of Alexander, Bishop of Alexandria, at his Suggestion, Athanasius receives the Throne; and an Account of his Youth; how he was a Self-Taught Priest, and beloved by Antony the Great

Chapter XVIII
The Arians and Melitians confer Celebrity on Athanasius; concerning Eusebius, and his Request of Athanasius to admit Arius to Communion; concerning the Term “Consubstantial”; Eusebius Pamphilus and Eustathius, Bishop of Antioch, create Tumults above all the rest

Chapter XIX
Synod of Antioch; Unjust Deposition of Eustathius; Euphronius receives the Throne; Constantine the Great writes to the Synod and to Eusebius Pamphilus, who refuses the Bishopric of Antioch

Chapter XX
Concerning Maximus, who succeeded Macarius in the See of Jerusalem

Chapter XXI
The Melitians and the Arians agree in Sentiment; Eusebius and Theognis endeavor to inflame anew the Disease of Arius

Chapter XXII
The Vain Machinations of the Arians and Melitians against St. Athanasius

Chapter XXIII
Calumny respecting St. Athanasius and the Hand of Arsenius

Chapter XXIV
Some Indian Nations received Christianity at that Time through the Instrumentality of Two Captives, Frumentius and Edesius

Chapter XXV
Council of Tyre; Illegal Deposition of St. Athanasius

Chapter XXVI
Erection of a Temple by Constantine the Great at Golgotha, in Jerusalem; its Dedication

Chapter XXVII
Concerning the Presbyter by whom Constantine was persuaded to recall Arius and Euzoius from Exile; the Tractate concerning his Possibly Pious Faith, and how Arius was again received by the Synod assembled at Jerusalem

Chapter XXVIII
Letter from the Emperor Constantine to the Synod of Tyre, and Exile of St. Athanasius through the Machination of the Arian Faction

Chapter XXIX
Alexander, Bishop of Constantinople; his Refusal to receive Arius into Communion; Arius is burst asunder while seeking Natural Relief

Chapter XXX
Account given by the Great Athanasius of the Death of Arius

Chapter XXXI
Events which occurred in Alexandria after the Death of Arius. Letter of Constantine the Great to the Church there

Chapter XXXII
Constantine enacts a Law against all Heresies, and prohibits the People from holding Church in any place but the Catholic Church, and thus the Greater Number of Heresies disappear. The Arians who sided with Eusebius of Nicomedia, artfully attempted to obliterate the Term “Consubstantial.”

Chapter XXXIII
Marcellus Bishop of Ancyra; his Heresy and Deposition

Chapter XXXIV
Death of Constantine the Great; he died after Baptism and was buried in the Temple of the Holy Apostles

Book III

Chapter I
After the Death of Constantine the Great, the Adherents of Eusebius and Theognis attack the Nicene Faith

Chapter II
Return of Athanasius the Great from Rome; Letter of Constantine Caesar, Son of Constantine the Great; Renewed Machinations of the Arians against Athanasius; Acacius of Berroea; War between Constans and Constantine

Chapter III
Paul, Bishop of Constantinople, and Macedonius, the Pneumatomachian

Chapter IV
A Sedition was excited on the Ordination of Paul

Chapter V
The Partial Council of Antioch; it deposed Athanasius; it substituted Gregory; its Two Statements of the Faith; those who agreed with them

Chapter VI
Eusebius surnamed Emesenus; Gregory accepted Alexandria; Athanasius seeks Refuge in Rome

Chapter VII
High Priests of Rome and of Constantinople; Restoration of Paul after Eusebius; the Slaughter of Hermogenes, a General of the Army; Constantius came from Antioch and removed Paul, and was wrathfully disposed toward the City; he allowed Macedonius to be in Doubt, and returned to Antioch

Chapter VIII
Arrival of the Eastern High Priests at Rome; Letter of Julius, Bishop of Rome, concerning them; by means of the Letters of Julius, Paul and Athanasius receive their own Sees; Contents of the Letter from the Archpriests of the East to Julius

Chapter IX
Ejection of Paul and Athanasius; Macedonius is invested with the Government of the Church of Constantinople

Chapter X
The Bishop of Rome writes to the Bishops of the East in Favor of Athanasius, and they send an Embassy to Rome who, with the Bishop of Rome, are to investigate the Charges against the Eastern Bishops; this Deputation is dismissed by Constans, the Caesar

Chapter XI
The Long Formulary and the Enactments issued by the Synod of Sardica. Julius, Bishop of Rome, and Hosius, the Spanish Bishop, deposed by the Bishops of the East, because they held Communion with Athanasius and the Rest

Chapter XII
The Bishops of the Party of Julius and Hosius held another Session and deposed the Eastern High Priests, and also made a Formulary of Faith

Chapter XIII
After the Synod, the East and the West are separated; the West nobly adheres to the Faith of the Nicene Council, while the East is disturbed by Contention here and there over this Dogma

Chapter XIV
Of the Holy Men who flourished about this time in Egypt, namely, Antony, the Two Macariuses, Heraclius, Cronius, Paphnutius, Putubastus, Arsisius, Serapion, Piturion, Pachomius, Apollonius, Anuph, Hilarion, and a Register of many other Saints

Chapter XV
Didymus the Blind, and Aetius the Heretic

Chapter XVI
Concerning St. Ephraim

Chapter XVII
Transactions of that Period, and Progress of Christian Doctrine through the Joint Efforts of Emperors and Arch-Priests

Chapter XVIII
Concerning the Doctrines held by the Sons of Constantine. Distinction between the Terms “Homoousios” and “Homoiousios.” Whence it came that Constantius quickly abandoned the Correct Faith

Chapter XIX
Further Particulars concerning the Term “Consubstantial.” Council of Ariminum, the Manner, Source, and Reason of its Convention

Chapter XX
Athanasius again reinstated by the Letter of Constantius, and receives his See. The Arch-Priests of Antioch. Question put by Constantius to Athanasius. The Praise of God in Hymns

Chapter XXI
Letter of Constantius to the Egyptians in behalf of Athanasius. Synod of Jerusalem

Chapter XXII
Epistle written by the Synod of Jerusalem in Favor of Athanasius

Chapter XXIII
Valens and Ursacius, who belonged to the Arian Faction, confess to the Bishop of Rome that they had made False Charges against Athanasius

Chapter XXIV
Letter of Conciliation from Valens and Ursacius to the Great Athanasius. Restoration of the Other Eastern Bishops to their own Sees. Ejection of Macedonius again; and Accession of Paul to the See

Book IV

Chapter I
Death of Constans Caesar. Occurrences which took place in Rome

Chapter II
Constantius again ejects Athanasius, and banishes those who represented the Homoousian Doctrine. Death of Paul, Bishop of Constantinople. Macedonius: his Second Usurpation of the See, and his Evil Deeds

Chapter III
Martyrdom of the Holy Notaries

Chapter IV
Campaign of Constantius in Sirmium, and Details concerning Vetranio and Magnentius. Gallus receives the Title of Caesar, and is sent to the East

Chapter V
Cyril directs the Sacerdotal Office after Maximus, and the Largest Form of the Cross, surpassing the Sun in Splendor, again appears in the Heavens, and is visible during several Days

Chapter VI
Photinus, Bishop of Sirmium. His Heresy, and the Council convened at Sirmium in Opposition thereto. The Three Formularies of Faith. This Agitator of Empty Ideas was refuted by Basil of Ancyra. After his Deposition Photinus, although solicited, declined Reconciliation

Chapter VII
Death of the Tyrants Magnentius and Silvanus the Apostate. Sedition of the Jews in Palestine. Gallus Caesar is slain, on Suspicion of Revolution

Chapter VIII
Arrival of Constantius at Rome. A Council held in Italy. Account of what happened to Athanasius the Great through the Machinations of the Arians

Chapter IX
Council of Milan. Flight of Athanasius

Chapter X
Divers Machinations of the Arians against Athanasius, and his Escape from Various Dangers through Divine Interposition. Evil Deeds perpetrated by George in Egypt after the Expulsion of Athanasius

Chapter XI
Liberius, Bishop of Rome, and the cause of his being exiled by Constantius. Felix his Successor

Chapter XII
Aetius, the Syrian, and Eudoxius, the Successor of Leontius in Antioch. Concerning the Term “Consubstantial.”

Chapter XIII
Innovations of Eudoxius censured in a Letter written by George, Bishop of Laodicea. Deputation from the Council of Ancyra to Constantius

Chapter XIV
Letter of the Emperor Constantius against Eudoxius and his Partisans

Chapter XV
The Emperor Constantius repairs to Sirmium, recalls Liberius, and restores him to the Church of Rome; he also commands Felix to assist Liberius in the Sacerdotal Office

Chapter XVI
The Emperor purposed, on account of the Heresy of Aetius and the Innovations in Antioch, to convene a Council at Nicomedia; but as an Earthquake took place in that City, and many other Affairs intervened, the Council was first convened at Nicaea, and afterwards at Ariminum and Seleucia. Account of Arsacius, the Confessor

Chapter XVII
Proceedings of the Council of Ariminum

Chapter XVIII
Letter from the Council at Ariminum to the Emperor Constantius

Chapter XIX
Concerning the Deputies of the Council and the Emperor’s Letter; Agreement of the Adherents of Ursacius and Valens afterwards with the Letter put forth; Exile of the Archbishops. Concerning the Synod at Nicaea, and the Reason why the Synod was held in Ariminum

Chapter XX
Events which took place in the Eastern Churches: Marathonius, Eleusius of Cyzicus, and Macedonius expel those who maintain the Term “Consubstantial.” Concerning the Churches of the Novatians; how one Church was Transported; the Novatians enter into Communion with the Orthodox

Chapter XXI
Proceedings of Macedonius in Mantinium. His Removal from his See when he attempted to remove the Coffin of Constantine the Great. Julian was pronounced Caesar

Chapter XXII
Council of Seleucia

Chapter XXIII
Acacius and Aetius; and how the Deputies of the Two Councils of Ariminum and of Seleucia were led by the Emperor to accept the Same Doctrines

Chapter XXIV
Formulary of the Council of Ariminum approved by the Acacians. List of the Deposed Chief-Priests, and the Causes of their Condemnation

Chapter XXV
Causes of the Deposition of Cyril, Bishop of Jerusalem. Mutual Dissensions among the Bishops. Melitius is ordained by the Arians, and supplants Eustathius in the Bishopric of Sebaste

Chapter XXVI
Death of Macedonius, Bishop of Constantinople. What Eudoxius said in his Teaching. Eudoxius and Acacius strenuously sought the Abolition of the Formularies of Faith set forth at Nicaea and at Ariminum; Troubles which thence arose in the Churches

Chapter XXVII
Macedonius, after his Rejection from his See, blasphemes against the Holy Spirit; Propagation of his Heresy through the Instrumentality of Marathonius and Others

Chapter XXVIII
The Arians, under the Impression that the divine Meletius upheld their Sentiments, translate him from Sebaste to Antioch. On his Bold Confession of the Orthodox Doctrines, they were confounded, and after they had deposed him they placed Euzoius in the See. Meletius formed his own Church: but those who held to Consubstantiality turned away from him because he had been ordained by Arians

Chapter XXIX
The Partisans of Acacius again do not remain Quiet, but strive to abolish the Term “Consubstantial,” and to confirm the Heresy of Arius

Chapter XXX
George, Bishop of Antioch, and the Chief-Priests of Jerusalem. Three Chief-Priests successively succeed Cyril; Restoration of Cyril to the See of Jerusalem

Book V

Chapter I
Apostasy of Julian, the Traitor. Death of the Emperor Constantius

Chapter II
The Life, Education, and Training of Julian, and his Accession to the Empire

Chapter III
Julian, on his Settlement in the Empire, began quietly to stir up Opposition to Christianity, and to introduce Paganism artfully

Chapter IV
Julian inflicted Evils upon the Inhabitants of Caesarea. Bold Fidelity of Maris, Bishop of Chalcedon

Chapter V
Julian restores Liberty to the Christians, in order to execute Further Troubles in the Church. The Evil Treatment of Christians he devised

Chapter VI
Athanasius, after having been Seven Years concealed in the House of a Wise and Beautiful Virgin, reappears at that time in Public, and enters the Church of Alexandria

Chapter VII
Violent Death and Triumph of George, Bishop of Alexandria. The Result of Certain Occurrences in the Temple of Mithra. Letter of Julian on this Aggravated Circumstance

Chapter VIII
Concerning Theodore, the Keeper of the Sacred Vessels of Antioch. How Julian, the Uncle of the Traitor, on Account of these Vessels, falls a Prey to Worms

Chapter IX
Martyrdom of the Saints Eusebius, Nestabus, and Zeno in the City of Gaza

Chapter X
Concerning St. Hilarion and the Virgins in Heliopolis who were destroyed by Swine. Strange Martyrdom of Mark, Bishop of Arethusa

Chapter XI
Concerning Macedonius, Theodulus, Gratian, Busiris, Basil, and Eupsychius, who suffered Martyrdom in those Times

Chapter XII
Concerning Lucifer and Eusebius, Bishops of the West. Eusebius with Athanasius the Great and Other Bishops collect a Council at Alexandria, and confirm the Nicene Faith by defining the Consubstantiality of the Spirit with the Father and the Son. Their Decree concerning Substance and Hypostasis

Chapter XIII
Concerning Paulinus and Meletius, Chief-Priests of Antioch; how Eusebius and Lucifer antagonized One Another; Eusebius and Hilarius defend the Nicene Faith

Chapter XIV
The Partisans of Macedonius disputed with the Arians concerning Acacius

Chapter XV
Athanasius is again Banished; concerning Eleusius, Bishop of Cyzicus, and Titus, Bishop of Bostra; Mention of the Ancestors of the Author

Chapter XVI
Efforts of Julian to establish Paganism and to abolish our Usages. The Epistle which he sent to the Pagan High-Priests

Chapter XVII
In Order that he might not be thought Tyrannical, Julian proceeds artfully against the Christians. Abolition of the Sign of the Cross. He makes the Soldiery sacrifice, although they were Unwilling

Chapter XVIII
He prohibited the Christians from the Markets and from the Judicial Seats and from Sharing in Greek Education. Resistance of Basil the Great, Gregory the Theologian, and Apolinarius to this Decree. They rapidly translate the Scripture into Greek Modes of Expression. Apolinarius and Gregory Nazianzen do this more than Basil, the one in a Rhetorical Vein, the other in Epic Style and in Imitation of every Poet

Chapter XIX
Work written by Julian entitled “Aversion to Beards.” Daphne in Antioch, a Full Description of it. Translation of the Remains of Babylas, the Holy Martyr

Chapter XX
In Consequence of the Translation, Many of the Christians are Ill-Treated. Theodore the Confessor. Temple of Apollo at Daphne destroyed by Fire falling from Heaven

Chapter XXI
Of the Statue of Christ in Paneas which Julian overthrew and made Valueless; he erected his own Statue; this was overthrown by a Thunder-Bolt and destroyed. Fountain of Emmaus in which Christ washed his Feet. Concerning the Tree Persis, which worshiped Christ in Egypt, and the Wonders wrought through it

Chapter XXII
From Aversion to the Christians, Julian granted Permission to the Jews to rebuild the Temple at Jerusalem; in every Endeavor to put their Hands to the Work, Fire sprang upward and killed Many. About the Sign of the Cross which appeared on the Clothing of those who had exerted themselves in this Work

Book VI

Chapter I
Expedition of Julian into Persia; he was worsted and broke off his Life Miserably. Letter written by Libanius, describing his Death

Chapter II
He perished under Divine Wrath. Visions of the Emperor’s Death seen by Various Individuals. Reply of the Carpenter’s Son; Julian tossed his Blood aloft to Christ. Calamities which Julian entailed upon the Romans

Chapter III
The Reign of Jovian; he introduced Many Laws which he carried out in his Government

Chapter IV
Troubles again arise in the Churches; Synod of Antioch, in which the Nicene Faith is confirmed; the Points which this Important Synod wrote about to Jovian

Chapter V
Athanasius the Great is Very Highly Esteemed by the Emperor, and rules over the Churches of Egypt. Vision of Antony the Great

Chapter VI
Death of Jovian; The Life of Valentinian, and his Confidence in God; how he was advanced to the Throne and selected his Brother Valens to reign with him; the Differences of Both

Chapter VII
Troubles again arise in the Churches, and the Synod of Lampsacus is held. The Arians who supported Eudoxius prevail and eject the Orthodox from the Churches. Among the Ejected is Meletius of Antioch

Chapter VIII
Revolt and Extraordinary Death of Procopius. Eleusius, Bishop of Cyzicus, and Eunomius, the Heretic. Eunomius succeeds Eleusius

Chapter IX
Sufferings of those who maintained the Nicene Faith. Agelius, the Ruler of the Novatians

Chapter X
Concerning Valentinian the Younger and Gratian. Persecution under Valens. The Homoousians, being oppressed by the Arians and Macedonians, send an Embassy to Rome

Chapter XI
The Confession of Eustathius, Silvanus, and Theophilus, the Deputies of the Macedonians, to Liberius, Bishop of Rome

Chapter XII
Councils of Sicily and of Tyana. The Synod which was expected to be held in Cilicia is dissolved by Valens. The Persecution at that Time. Athanasius the Great flees again, and is in Concealment; by the Letter of Valens he reappears, and governs the Churches in Egypt

Chapter XIII
Demophilus, an Arian, became Bishop of Constantinople after Eudoxius. The Pious elect Evagrius. Account of the Persecution which ensued

Chapter XIV
Account of the Eighty Pious Delegates in Nicomedia, whom Valens burned with the Vessel in Mid-Sea

Chapter XV
Disputes between Eusebius, Bishop of Caesarea, and Basil the Great. Hence the Arians took courage and came to Caesarea, and were repulsed

Chapter XVI
Basil becomes Bishop of Caesarea after Eusebius; his Boldness towards the Emperor and the Prefect

Chapter XVII
Friendship of Basil and of Gregory, the Theologian; being Peers in Wisdom, they defend the Nicene Doctrines

Chapter XVIII
The Persecution which occurred at Antioch, on the Orontes. The Place of Prayer in Edessa, called after the Apostle Thomas; the Assembly there, and Confession of the Inhabitants of Edessa

Chapter XIX
Death of the Great Athanasius; the Elevation of Lucius, who was Arian-Minded, to the See; the Numerous Calamities he brought upon the Churches in Egypt; Peter, who served after Athanasius, passed over to Rome

Chapter XX
Persecution of the Egyptian Monks, and of the Disciples of St. Antony. They were enclosed in a Certain Island on Account of their Orthodoxy; the Miracles which they Wrought

Chapter XXI
List of the Places in which the Nicene Doctrines were Represented; Faith manifested by the Scythians; Vetranio, the Leader of this Race

Chapter XXII
At that Time, the Doctrine of the Holy Ghost was agitated, and it was decided that he is to be considered Consubstantial with the Father and the Son

Chapter XXIII
Death of Liberius, Bishop of Rome. He is succeeded by Damasus and Syricius. Orthodox Doctrines prevail Everywhere throughout the West, except at Milan, where Auxentius is the High-Priest. Synod held at Rome, by which Auxentius is deposed; the Definition which it sent by Letter

Chapter XXIV
Concerning St. Ambrose and his Elevation to the High Priesthood; how he persuaded the People to practice Piety. The Novatians of Phrygia and the Passover

Chapter XXV
Concerning Apolinarius: Father and Son of that Name. Vitalianus, the Presbyter. On being dislodged from One Kind of Heresy, they incline to Others

Chapter XXVI
Eunomius and his Teacher Aetius, their Affairs and Doctrines. They were the first who broached One Immersion for the Baptism

Chapter XXVII
Account Given, by Gregory the Theologian, of Apolinarius and Eunomius, in a Letter to Nectarius. Their Heresy was distinguished by the Philosophy of the Monks who were then Living, for the Heresy of these two held Nearly the Entire East

Chapter XXVIII
Of the Holy Men who flourished at this Period in Egypt. John, or Amon, Benus, Theonas, Copres, Helles, Elias, Apelles, Isidore, Serapion, Dioscorus, and Eulogius

Chapter XXIX
Concerning the Monks of Thebais: Apollos, Dorotheus; concerning Piammon, John, Mark, Macarius, Apollodorus, Moses, Paul, who was in Ferma, Pacho, Stephen, and Pior

Chapter XXX
Monks of Scetis: Origen, Didymus, Cronion, Orsisius, Putubatus, Arsion, Serapion, Ammon, Eusebius, and Dioscorus, the Brethren who are called Long, and Evagrius the Philosopher

Chapter XXXI
Concerning the Monks of Nitria, and the Monasteries called Cells; about the One in Rhinocorura; about Melas, Dionysius, and Solon

Chapter XXXII
Monks of Palestine: Hesycas, Epiphanius, who was afterwards in Cyprus, Ammonius, and Silvanus

Chapter XXXIII
Monks of Syria and Persia: Battheus, Eusebius, Barges, Halas, Abbo, Lazarus, Abdaleus, Zeno, Heliodorus, Eusebius of Carrae, Protogenes, and Aones

Chapter XXXIV
Monks of Edessa: Julianus, Ephraim Syrus, Barus, and Eulogius; Further, the Monks of Coele-Syria: Valentinus, Theodore, Merosas, Bassus, Bassonius; and the Holy Men of Galatia and Cappadocia, and Elsewhere; why those Saints until recently were Long-Lived

Chapter XXXV
The Wooden Tripod and the Succession of the Emperor, through a Knowledge of its Letters. Destruction of the Philosophers; Astronomy

Chapter XXXVI
Expedition against the Sarmatians; Death of Valentinian in Rome; Valentinian the Younger proclaimed; Persecution of the Priests; Oration of the Philosopher Themistius, on account of which Valens was disposed to treat those who differed from him more Humanely

Chapter XXXVII
Concerning the Barbarians beyond the Danube, who were driven out by the Huns, and advanced to the Romans, and their Conversion to Christianity; Ulphilas and Athanarichus; Occurrences between them; whence the Goths received Arianism

Chapter XXXVIII
Concerning Mania, the Phylarch of the Saracens. When the Treaty with the Romans was dissolved, Moses, their Bishop, who had been ordained by the Christians, renewed it. Narrative concerning the Ishmaelites and the Saracens, and their Goods; and how they began to be Christianized through Zocomus, Their Phylarch

Chapter XXXIX
Peter, having returned from Rome, regains the Churches of Egypt, after Lucius had given way; Expedition of Valens into the West against the Scythians

Chapter XL
Saint Isaac, the Monk, predicts the Death of Valens. Valens in his Flight enters a Chaff-House, is consumed, and so yields up his Life

Book VII

Chapter I
When the Romans are pressed by the Barbarians, Mavia sends Assistance, and some of the Populace effect a Victory. Gratian commands each to believe as he wishes

Chapter II
Gratian elects Theodosius of Spain to reign with him, Arianism prevails throughout the Eastern Churches except that of Jerusalem. Council of Antioch. The Settlement of the Presidency of the Churches

Chapter III
Concerning St. Meletius and Paulinus, Bishop of Antioch. Their Oath respecting the Episcopal See

Chapter IV
Reign of Theodosius the Great; he was initiated into Divine Baptism by Ascholius, Bishop of Thessalonica. The Letters he addressed to those who did not hold the Definition of the Council of Nice

Chapter V
Gregory, the Theologian, receives from Theodosius the Government of the Churches. Expulsion of Demophilus, and of all who deny that the Son is “Consubstantial” with the Father

Chapter VI
Concerning the Arians; and Further, the Success of Eunomius. Boldness of St. Amphilochius toward the Emperor

Chapter VII
Concerning the Second Holy General Council, and the Place and Cause of its Convention. Abdication of Gregory the Theologian

Chapter VIII
Election of Nectarius to the See of Constantinople; his Birthplace and Education

Chapter IX
Decrees of the Second General Council. Maximus, the Cynical Philosopher

Chapter X
Concerning Martyrius of Cilicia. Translation of the Remains of St. Paul the Confessor, and of Meletius, Bishop of Antioch

Chapter XI
Ordination of Flavian as Bishop of Antioch, and Subsequent Occurrences on Account of the Oath

Chapter XII
Project of Theodosius to unify all the Heresies. The Propositions made by Agelius and Sisinius, the Novatians. At another Synod, the Emperor received those only who represent Consubstantiality; those who held a different View he ejected from the Churches

Chapter XIII
Maximus the Tyrant. Concerning the Occurrences between the Empress Justina and St. Ambrose. The Emperor Gratian was killed by Guile. Valentinian and his Mother fled to Theodosius in Thessalonica

Chapter XIV
Birth of Honorius. Theodosius leaves Arcadius at Constantinople, and proceeds to Italy. Succession of the Novatian and other Patriarchs. Audacity of the Arians. Theodosius, after destroying the Tyrant, celebrates a Magnificent Triumph in Rome

Chapter XV
Flavian and Evagrius, Bishops of Antioch. The Events at Alexandria upon the Destruction of the Temple of Dionysus. The Serapeum and the other Idolatrous Temples which were destroyed

Chapter XVI
In What Manner, and from What Cause, the Functions of the Presbyter, Appointed to Preside over the Imposition of Penance, were abolished. Dissertation on the Mode of Imposing Penance

Chapter XVII
Banishment of Eunomius by Theodosius the Great. Theophronius, his Successor; of Eutychus, and of Dorotheus, and their Heresies; of those called Psathyrians; Division of the Arians into Different Parties; those in Constantinople were more Limited

Chapter XVIII
Another Heresy, that of the Sabbatians, is originated by the Novatians. Their Synod in Sangarus. Account in Greater Detail of the Easter Festival

Chapter XIX
A List Worthy of Study, Given by the Historian, of Customs among Different Nations and Churches

Chapter XX
Extension of our Doctrines, and Complete Demolition of Idolatrous Temples. Inundation of the Nile

Chapter XXI
Discovery of the Honored Head of the Forerunner of our Lord, and the Events about it

Chapter XXII
Death of Valentinian the Younger, Emperor in Rome, through Strangling. The Tyrant Eugenius. Prophecy of John, the Monk of Thebais

Chapter XXIII
Exaction of Tribute in Antioch, and Demolition of the Statues of the Emperor. Embassy headed by Flavian the Chief Priest

Chapter XXIV
Victory of Theodosius the Emperor over Eugenius

Chapter XXV
Intrepid Bearing of St. Ambrose in the Presence of the Emperor Theodosius. Massacre at Thessalonica. Narrative of the other Righteous Deeds of this Saint

Chapter XXVI
St. Donatus, Bishop of Euroea, and Theotimus, High-Priest of Scythia

Chapter XXVII
St. Epiphanius, Bishop of Cyprus, and a Particular Account of his Acts

Chapter XXVIII
Acacius, Bishop of Beroea, Zeno, and Ajax, Men Distinguished and Renowned for Virtue

Chapter XXIX
Discovery of the Remains of the Prophets Habakkuk and Micah. Death of the Emperor Theodosius the Great

Book VIII

Chapter I
Successors of Theodosius the Great. Rufinus, the Praetorian Prefect, is Slain. The Chief Priests of the Principal Cities. Differences among the Heretics. Account of Sisinius, Bishop of the Novatians

Chapter II
Education, Training, Conduct, and Wisdom of the Great John Chrysostom; his Promotion to the See; Theophilus, Bishop of Alexandria, becomes his Confirmed Opponent

Chapter III
Rapid Promotion of John to the Bishopric, and more Vehement Grappling with its Affairs. He re-establishes Discipline in the Churches everywhere. By sending an Embassy to Rome, he abolished the Hostility to Flavian

Chapter IV
Enterprise of Gainas, the Gothic Barbarian. Evils which he perpetrated

Chapter V
John swayed the People by his Teachings. Concerning the Woman, a Follower of Macedonius, on account of whom the Bread was turned into a Stone

Chapter VI
Proceedings of John in Asia and Phrygia. Heraclides, Bishop of Ephesus, and Gerontius, Bishop of Nicomedia

Chapter VII
Concerning Eutropius, Chief of the Eunuchs, and the Law enacted by him. On being turned from the Church, he was put to Death. Murmurs against John

Chapter VIII
Antiphonal Hymns against the Arians introduced by John. The Interests of the Orthodox are much augmented by the Teachings of John, while the Wealthy are More and More Enraged

Chapter IX
Serapion, the Archdeacon, and St. Olympias. Some of the Celebrated Men insolently bear down upon John, traducing him as Impracticable and Passionate

Chapter X
Severian, Bishop of Gabales, and Antiochus, Bishop of Ptolemais. Dispute between Serapion and Severian. Reconciliation between them effected by the Empress

Chapter XI
Question agitated in Egypt, as to whether God has a Corporeal Form. Theophilus, Bishop of Alexandria, and the Books of Origen

Chapter XII
About the Four Brothers, called “The Long,” who were Ascetics, and of whom Theophilus was an Enemy; about Isidore and the Events which came about through these Four

Chapter XIII
These Four repair to John on account of his Interest; for this Reason, Theophilus was enraged, and prepares himself to fight against John

Chapter XIV
Perversity of Theophilus. St. Epiphanius: his Residence at Constantinople and Preparation to excite the People against John

Chapter XV
The Son of the Empress and St. Epiphanius. Conference between the “Long Brothers” and Epiphanius, and his Re-Embarkation for Cyprus. Epiphanius and John

Chapter XVI
The Dispute between the Empress and John. Arrival of Theophilus from Egypt. Cyrinus, Bishop of Chalcedon

Chapter XVII
Council held by Theophilus and the Accusers of John in Rufinianae. John is summoned to attend, and not being present, was deposed by Them

Chapter XVIII
Sedition of the People against Theophilus; and they traduced their Rulers. John was recalled, and again came to the See

Chapter XIX
Obstinancy of Theophilus. Enmity between the Egyptians and the Citizens of Constantinople. Flight of Theophilus. Nilammon the Ascetic. The Synod concerning John

Chapter XX
The Statue of the Empress; what happened there; the Teaching of John; Convocation of another Synod against John; his Deposition

Chapter XXI
Calamities suffered by the People after the Expulsion of John. The Plots against him of Assassination

Chapter XXII
Unlawful Expulsion of John from his Bishopric. The Trouble which followed. Conflagration of the Church by Fire from Heaven. Exile of John to Cucusus

Chapter XXIII
Arsacius elected to succeed John. The Evils wrought against the Followers of John. St. Nicarete

Chapter XXIV
Eutropius the Reader, and the Blessed Olympian, and the Presbyter Tigrius, are persecuted on account of their Attachment to John. The Patriarchs

Chapter XXV
Since these Ills existed in the Church, Secular Affairs also fell into Disorder. The Affairs of Stilicho, the General of Honorius

Chapter XXVI
Two Epistles from Innocent, the Pope of Rome, of which one was addressed to John Chrysostom, and the other to the Clergy of Constantinople concerning John

Chapter XXVII
The Terrible Events which resulted from the Treatment of John. Death of the Empress Eudoxia. Death of Arsacius. And further concerning Atticus, the Patriarch, his Birthplace, and Character

Chapter XXVIII
Effort of Innocent, Bishop of Rome, to recall John through a Council. Concerning those who were sent by him to make Trial of the Matter. The Death of John Chrysostom

Book IX

Chapter I
Death of Arcadius, and Government of Theodosius the Younger. His Sisters. Piety, Virtue, and Virginity, of the Princess Pulcheria; her Divinely Loved Works; she educated the Emperor Befittingly

Chapter II
Discovery of the Relics of Forty Holy Martyrs

Chapter III
The Virtues of Pulcheria; Her Sisters

Chapter IV
Truce with Persia. Honorius and Stilicho. Transactions in Rome and Dalmatia

Chapter V
The Different Nations took up Arms against the Romans, of whom some were, through the Providence of God defeated, and others brought to Terms of Amity

Chapter VI
Alaric the Goth. He assaulted Rome, and straitened it by War

Chapter VII
Innocent the Bishop of the Presbytery of Rome. He sent an Embassy to Alaric. Jovius, Prefect of Italy. Embassy dispatched to the Emperor. Events concerning Alaric

Chapter VIII
Rebellion of Attalus and his General Heraclean; and how he eventually craved Forgiveness at the Feet of Honorius

Chapter IX
The Disturbance which the Greeks and Christians had about Attalus. The Courageous Saros; Alaric, by a Stratagem, obtains Possession of Rome, and protected the Sacred Asylum of the Apostle Peter

Chapter X
A Roman Lady who manifested a Deed of Modesty

Chapter XI
The Tyrants who in the West at that Time rebelled against Honorius. They are wholly destroyed on account of the Emperor’s Love of God

Chapter XII
Theodosiolus and Lagodius. The Races of the Vandals and Suevi. Death of Alaric. Flight of the Tyrants Constantine and Constans

Chapter XIII
Concerning Gerontius, Maximus, and the Troops of Honorius. Capture of Gerontius and his Wife; their Death

Chapter XIV
Constantine. The Army of Honorius and Edovicus his General. Defeat of Edovicus by Ulphilas, the General of Constantine. Death of Edovicus

Chapter XV
Constantine throws aside the Emblems of Imperial Power, and is ordained as Presbyter; his Subsequent Death. Death of the other Tyrants who had conspired against Honorius

Chapter XVI
Honorius the Ruler, a Lover of God. Death of Honorius. His Successors, Valentinian, and Honoria his Daughter; the Peace which was then Worldwide

Chapter XVII
Discovery of the Relics of Zechariah the Prophet, and of Stephen the Proto-Martyr








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